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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

SCHEDULE 14A

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of the

Securities Exchange Act of 1934

(Amendment No. )

 

Filed by the Registrant

Filed by a Party other than the Registrant

 

Check the appropriate box:

Preliminary Proxy Statement

 

 

Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))

 

 

Definitive Proxy Statement

 

 

Definitive Additional Materials

 

 

Soliciting Material Pursuant to §240.14a-12

Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

(Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)

Payment of Filing Fee (Check all boxes that apply):

 

No fee required

 

 

Fee paid previously with preliminary materials

 

 

Fee computed on table in exhibit required by Item 25(b) per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(1) and 0-11

 

 


 

https://cdn.kscope.io/66e5ffd4e7de9008553d129a792e5810-img117103358_0.jpg 

19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250

Irvine, California 92612

(949) 238-8090

May 30, 2024

Dear Fellow Stockholder:

On behalf of the Board of Directors (the “Board”), I want to thank you for your support of Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and for the confidence you place in this Board to oversee your interests in our Company.

You are cordially invited to attend the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of Eledon, to be held at the Company’s corporate office, located at 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California on Wednesday, July 10, 2024 at 11:30 a.m., Pacific time.

During the Annual Meeting, stockholders will be asked to (i) elect two Class I directors, (ii) approve an amendment to the Company’s 2020 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “2020 Incentive Plan”) to increase the aggregate number of shares available for issuance thereunder, and (iii) ratify the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as Eledon’s independent registered public accounting firm for 2024. The Board has determined that the approval of each of the matters to be considered at the Annual Meeting are in the best interests of Eledon and its stockholders. For the reasons set forth in the Proxy Statement, the Board unanimously recommends a vote “FOR” the election of Steven Perrin, Ph.D and June Lee, M.D. as Class I directors and “FOR” each of the other matters to be considered.

We are taking advantage of the Securities and Exchange Commission rule that allows us to furnish proxy materials to our stockholders over the Internet. This process expedites the delivery of proxy materials to our stockholders, lowers our costs and reduces the environmental impact of the Annual Meeting. Today, we are sending to each of our stockholders who has not elected an alternative means of delivery a Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials containing instructions on how to access our Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting and our 2023 Annual Report to Stockholders, as well as how to vote via proxy either by telephone or over the Internet. The Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials also contains instructions to allow you to request copies of the proxy materials to be sent to you by mail. Stockholders who have elected to receive copies of our proxy materials delivered via mail or e-mail will be receiving the Proxy Statement, a proxy card and the Annual Report by mail or e-mail, as applicable.

It is important that you vote your shares of Common Stock at the Annual Meeting or by proxy, regardless of the number of shares you own. You will find the instructions for voting on the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials or, if you received a printed set of our proxy materials, on the proxy card or voting instruction form you received. We appreciate your prompt attention.

We encourage all stockholders to attend the Annual Meeting in person. However, whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting in person, we encourage you to read this Proxy Statement and submit your proxy or voting instructions as soon as possible. Please review the instructions on each of your voting options described in the Proxy Statement.

Thank you for your ongoing support and continued interest in Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 

On behalf of the Board of Directors,

 

/s/ David-Alexandre C. Gros

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 


 

All references to “Eledon,” “we,” “us,” “our” and the “Company” in these proxy materials refer to Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

 


 

ELEDON PHARMACEUTICALS

Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders

Eledon will hold our Annual Meeting in person at Eledon’s corporate offices, located at 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California, on Wednesday, July 10, 2024 at 11:30 a.m., Pacific time. You will be able to vote your shares at the meeting in person or by proxy, either over the Internet, by mail or by phone. All stockholders will have the ability to access the proxy materials on the website at www.proxydocs.com/ELDN, or may request a printed set of the proxy materials.

The Annual Meeting of Stockholders is being convened to consider and vote on the following proposals:

1.
Election of Steven Perrin, Ph.D. and June Lee, M.D. as Class I directors to serve until Eledon’s 2027 annual meeting of stockholders and until their respective successors have been duly elected and qualified.
2.
Approval of an amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan to increase the aggregate number of shares available for issuance thereunder by 3,500,000 shares.
3.
Ratification of the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2024.
4.
Any other business properly brought before the meeting or any postponement or adjournment thereof.

The accompanying Proxy Statement more fully describes these matters and we urge you to read the information contained in the Proxy Statement carefully. The Board recommends a vote “FOR” the election of Steven Perrin, Ph.D. and June Lee, M.D. to Eledon’s Board, “FOR” the amendment of the 2020 Incentive Plan to increase the aggregate number of shares available for issuance thereunder, and “FOR” the ratification of the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as Eledon’s independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2024.

This Proxy Statement summarizes information about the proposals to be considered and voted on at the meeting and other information you may find useful in determining how to vote. The proxy card or voting instruction form, as applicable, is the means by which you actually authorize another person to vote your shares in accordance with your instructions. We are making the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials or, if you received a printed set of our proxy materials, this Proxy Statement, the related proxy card and our annual report to stockholders for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 available to stockholders via mailing on or about May 30, 2024. This Proxy Statement and our annual report to stockholders for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 are also each available at www.proxydocs.com/ELDN.

The record date for the Annual Meeting of Stockholders is May 15, 2024. Only stockholders of record at the close of business on that date may vote at the meeting or any postponement or adjournment thereof. Each share of Common Stock is entitled to one vote for each director nominee and one vote for each of the proposals.

 

On behalf of the Board of Directors,

 

/s/ David-Alexandre C. Gros

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

Chief Executive Officer

May 30, 2024

 

YOUR VOTE IS IMPORTANT

Please vote via the Internet or telephone.

Internet: www.proxypush.com/ELDN

Phone: 1-866-229-2195

If you received a proxy card or voting instruction form, please mark, sign and date it when received and
return it promptly in the self-addressed, stamped envelope provided to you.

 

 

 


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THESE PROXY MATERIALS AND VOTING

2

BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

6

Board of Directors

6

Corporate Governance Matters

9

Corporate Governance Guidelines

9

Board Leadership Structure

10

Board Determination of Independence

10

Board Meetings and Attendance

11

Communicating with the Board

11

Committees of the Board

11

Board Diversity

13

Director Nomination Process

13

Oversight of Risk

14

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

14

Policy on Pledging and Hedging of Company Shares

15

Policies and Procedures for Related Person Transactions

15

Related Person Transactions

16

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

18

INFORMATION REGARDING RECENT FINANCING TRANSACTION

19

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

20

Summary Compensation Table

20

Agreements with Named Executive Officers

23

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End 2023

26

Pay versus Performance Table

27

SECURITIES AUTHORIZED FOR ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS

31

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

32

STOCK OWNERSHIP AND REPORTING

34

REPORT OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD

36

MATTERS TO BE VOTED ON

37

Proposal 1: Election of Directors

37

Proposal 2: Approval of Amendment to 2020 Incentive Plan to Increase the Aggregate Number of Shares Available for Issuance Thereunder

37

Proposal 3: Ratification of the Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

46

Audit Fees and Services

46

Pre-Approval Polices and Procedures

46

OTHER MATTERS

48

APPENDIX A – Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2020 Long Term Incentive Plan

A-1

 

 


 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This Proxy Statement contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 that involve substantial risks and uncertainties. Any statements other than statements of historical or current fact are forward looking statements, and may in some instances be identified by the use of words such as “believes,” “anticipates,” “plans,” “expects,” “estimates,” “intends,” “predicts,” “projects,” “targets,” “looks forward,” “could,” “may,” and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements are inherently uncertain and are subject to numerous risks and uncertainties, including: risks relating to the safety and efficacy of our drug candidates; risks relating to clinical development timelines, including interactions with regulators and clinical sides, as well as patient enrollment; risks relating to costs of clinical trials and the sufficiency of our capital resources to fund planned clinical trials; and risks associated with the impact of the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements as a result of various factors. These risks and uncertainties, as well as other risks and uncertainties that could cause our actual results to differ significantly from the forward-looking statements contained herein, are discussed in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, annual report on Form 10-K, and other filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, which can be found at www.sec.gov. Any forward-looking statements contained in this Proxy Statement speak only as of the date hereof and not of any future date, and we expressly disclaims any intent to update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

 


 

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THESE PROXY MATERIALS AND VOTING

Why did I receive a notice regarding the availability of proxy materials on the internet?

We sent you the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials (the “Notice”) because our Board is soliciting your proxy to vote at our Annual Meeting, including at any postponements or adjournments of the meeting. We have elected to provide access to the full proxy materials over the Internet and have provided our stockholders with instructions on how to access the proxy materials in the Notice that you received. Rules adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) allow us to provide access to our proxy materials over the Internet. All stockholders will have the ability to access the proxy materials on the website at https://www.proxydocs.com/ELDN, or may request a printed set of the proxy materials. Instructions on how to access the proxy materials or to request a printed copy may be found in the Notice. We intend to furnish the Notice to all stockholders of record entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting on or about May 30, 2024.

What is the purpose of the Annual Meeting?

At the Annual Meeting, stockholders will consider and vote on the following matters:

1.
Election of Steven Perrin, Ph.D. and June Lee, M.D. as Class I directors to serve until Eledon’s 2027 annual meeting of stockholders and until their respective successors have been duly elected and qualified;
2.
Approval of an amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan to increase the aggregate number of shares available for issuance thereunder by 3,500,000 shares;
3.
Ratification of the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2024; and
4.
Any other business properly brought before the meeting or any postponement or adjournment thereof.

Who can vote at the Annual Meeting?

To be entitled to vote, you must have been a stockholder of record at the close of business on May 15, 2024, the record date for our Annual Meeting. There were 38,506,614 shares of our Common Stock outstanding and entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting as of the record date.

How many votes do I have?

Each share of our Common Stock that you own as of the record date will entitle you to one vote on each matter considered at the Annual Meeting.

How do I vote?

If you are the “record holder” of your shares, meaning that your shares are registered in your name in the records of our transfer agent, Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Company, you may vote your shares at the meeting in person or by proxy as follows:

1.
Over the Internet: To vote over the Internet, please go to the following website: https://www.proxypush.com/ELDN, and follow the instructions at that site for submitting your proxy electronically. If you vote over the Internet, you do not need to complete and mail your proxy card or vote your proxy by telephone. You must specify how you want your shares voted or your Internet vote cannot be completed, and you will receive an error message. You must submit your Internet proxy before 11:59 p.m., Eastern time, on July 9, 2024, the day before the Annual Meeting, for your proxy to be valid and your vote to count.
2.
By Telephone: To vote by telephone, please call (866) 229-2195, and follow the instructions provided on the Notice or proxy card. If you vote by telephone, you do not need to complete and mail your proxy card or vote your proxy over the Internet. You must specify how you want your shares voted and confirm your vote at the end of the call or your telephone vote cannot be completed. You must submit your telephonic proxy before 11:59 p.m., Eastern time, on July 9, 2024, the day before the Annual Meeting, for your proxy to be valid and your vote to count.

2

 


 

3.
By Mail: To vote by mail, you must complete, sign and date the proxy card and then return it in the self-addressed, stamped envelope provided to you. If you vote by mail, you do not need to vote your proxy over the Internet or by telephone. Mediant Communications must receive the proxy card not later than July 9, 2024, the day before the Annual Meeting, for your proxy to be valid and your vote to count. If you return your proxy card but do not specify how you want your shares voted on any particular matter, they will be voted in accordance with the recommendations of our Board.
4.
In Person at the Meeting: If you attend the Annual Meeting, you may deliver your completed proxy card in person or you may vote by completing a ballot, which we will provide to you at the meeting.

If your shares are held in “street name,” meaning they are held for your account by an intermediary, such as a broker, bank or other nominee, then you are deemed to be the beneficial owner of your shares and the broker, bank or other nominee that actually holds the shares for you is the record holder and is required to vote the shares it holds on your behalf according to your instructions. The proxy materials, as well as voting and revocation instructions, should have been forwarded to you by the broker, bank or other nominee that holds your shares. In order to vote your shares, you will need to follow the instructions that your broker, bank or other nominee provides you. Many intermediaries accept voting instructions over the Internet or by telephone.

If your shares are held in “street name” through a broker and you do not give voting instructions to your broker, your broker or nominee may vote the shares with respect to matters that are considered to be “discretionary,” but may not vote the shares with respect to “non-discretionary” matters. Proposal 3 ratification of independent registered public accounting firm is expected to be considered a discretionary proposal by applicable stock exchange requirements, and Proposal 1 (election of directors) and Proposal 2 (to approve an amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan to increase the aggregate number of shares available for issuance thereunder by 3,500,000 shares) are expected to be considered “non-discretionary.” Accordingly, if you hold your shares in street name and you do not submit voting instructions to your broker, your broker may exercise its discretion to vote your shares on Proposal 3, but will not be permitted to vote your shares on any of the other items at the Annual Meeting. If your broker exercises this discretion, your shares will be voted on Proposal 3 in the manner directed by your broker, but your shares will constitute “broker non-votes” for Proposals 1 and 2.

Regardless of whether your shares are held in street name, you are welcome to attend the meeting. You may not vote shares held in street name in person at the meeting, however, unless you obtain a legal proxy, executed in your favor, from the holder of record (i.e., your broker, bank or other nominee). A legal proxy is not the form of proxy included with this Proxy Statement and is not the “voting instruction form” that is supplied to you by the broker, bank or other nominee that holds your shares.

Can I change my vote?

If your shares are registered directly in your name, you may revoke your proxy and change your vote at any time before the vote is taken at the Annual Meeting. To do so, you must do one of the following:

1.
Vote over the Internet or by telephone as instructed above. Only your latest Internet or telephone vote is counted.
2.
Sign and return a new proxy card. Only your latest dated and timely received proxy card will be counted.
3.
Attend the Annual Meeting and vote in person as instructed above. Attending the Annual Meeting will not alone revoke your Internet or telephone vote or proxy card submitted by mail, as the case may be.

If your shares are held in “street name,” you may submit new voting instructions by contacting your broker, bank or other nominee. You may also vote in person at the Annual Meeting if you obtain a legal proxy as described in the answer above.

How many shares must be represented to have a quorum and hold the Annual Meeting?

A majority of our shares of Common Stock issued and outstanding and entitled to vote at the Annual Meeting must be present in person or represented by proxy to transact business at the Annual Meeting. This is called a quorum. For purposes of determining whether a quorum exists, we count as present any shares that are voted over the Internet, by telephone, by completing and submitting a proxy card by mail or that are represented in person at the meeting. Further, for purposes of establishing a quorum, we will count as present shares that a stockholder holds even if the stockholder votes to abstain or only votes on one of the proposals. In addition, we will count broker non-votes as described above as present at the meeting for purposes of determining whether a quorum exists. If a quorum is not present at the Annual Meeting, we expect the chairperson of the meeting to adjourn the Annual Meeting until we obtain a quorum.

3

 


 

What vote is required to approve each matter and how are votes counted?

Proposal 1—Election of Class I Directors

A nominee will be elected as a director at the Annual Meeting if the nominee receives a plurality of the votes cast by the stockholders entitled to vote on the election (meaning that the two director nominees receiving the highest number of affirmative votes at the Annual Meeting will be elected as Class I directors). Broker non-votes and votes that are withheld will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal.

Proposal 2—Approval of an Amendment to the Company's 2020 Incentive Plan to Increase the Aggregate Number of Shares Available for Issuance Thereunder

The affirmative vote of the holders of shares of Common Stock representing a majority of the votes cast affirmatively or negatively on the matter (provided that there is a quorum) is required to approve the amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan. Broker non-votes and abstentions will not be counted as votes cast on the matter and will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal.

Proposal 3—Ratification of the Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The affirmative vote of the holders of shares of Common Stock representing a majority of the votes cast affirmatively or negatively on the matter (provided that there is a quorum) is required for the ratification of the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2024. Abstentions will not be counted as votes cast on the matter and will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal. No broker non-votes are expected on Proposal 3.

Who will count the vote?

The votes will be counted, tabulated and certified by an Inspector of Elections appointed by our Board.

How does the Board recommend that I vote on the proposals?

Our Board recommends that you vote:

FOR the election of Steven Perrin, Ph.D. and June Lee, M.D. as Class I directors, to serve until Eledon's 2027 annual meeting of stockholders and until their respective successors have been duly elected and qualified;

FOR approval of an amendment to the Company's 2020 Incentive Plan to increase the number of shares available for issuance thereunder; and

FOR the ratification of the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2024.

Are there other matters to be voted on at the Annual Meeting?

We do not know of any matters that may come before the Annual Meeting other than those listed above. If any other matters are properly presented at the Annual Meeting, the persons named in the accompanying proxy intend to vote, or otherwise act, in accordance with their judgment on the matter.

4

 


 

How do I attend the Annual Meeting?

The 2024 Annual Meeting of stockholders of Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. will be held on Wednesday, July 10, 2024 at 11:30 a.m., Pacific time, at the corporate office of Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., located at 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California. Regardless of whether you are the “record holder” of your shares or your shares are held in street name, if you held your shares as of the close of business on May 15, 2024, you are welcome to attend the meeting. Please bring photo identification and proof of ownership as of the record date, May 15, 2024. Each stockholder may appoint only one proxy holder or representative to attend the meeting on his or her behalf. In addition, if you are a beneficial stockholder, you may not vote your shares in person at the Annual Meeting unless you obtain a “legal proxy” from the broker, bank or other nominee that holds your shares, giving you the right to vote the shares at the Annual Meeting.

Where can I find the voting results?

We plan to announce preliminary voting results at the Annual Meeting and will report final voting results in a Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC within four business days following the date of our Annual Meeting.

What are the costs of soliciting these proxies?

We will bear the cost of soliciting proxies. In addition to solicitation by mail, our directors, officers and employees may solicit proxies by telephone, e-mail, facsimile, and in person without additional compensation. We may reimburse brokers or persons holding stock in their names, or in the names of their nominees, for their expenses in sending proxies and proxy material to beneficial owners.

Implications of Being a “Smaller Reporting Company”

We qualify as a “smaller reporting company” under the rules promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”). For so long as we remain a smaller reporting company, we are permitted and plan to rely on exemptions from certain disclosure requirements that are applicable to other public companies that are not smaller reporting companies. These exemptions include reduced disclosure obligations regarding executive compensation. We may take advantage of some or all these exemptions until such time as we are no longer a smaller reporting company.

5

 


 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

Board of Directors

Our Board is divided into three classes, with members of each class holding office for staggered three-year terms. As described in the biographical information below, a number of the members of our Board were associated with Anelixis Therapeutics, Inc. (“Anelixis”) prior to the combination of Eledon and Anelixis in September 2020 (the “Anelixis Transaction”).

Set forth below are the names and certain information for each continuing member of the Board, including Steven Perrin, Ph.D. and June Lee, M.D., the nominees for election as Class I directors, as of March 31, 2024. The term of office of Walter Ogier, a current Class I director, will end at the Annual Meeting and, accordingly, Mr. Ogier will be retiring from the Board at such time. The Board does not currently intend to fill the resulting Board vacancy, and intends to decrease the size of the Board to eight directors as of the Annual Meeting. As a result, stockholders may not vote for more than two nominees for election as Class I directors at the Annual Meeting

The information presented includes each continuing director’s and nominee’s principal occupation and business experience for the past five years, and the names of other public companies of which he or she has served as a director during the past five years. The information presented below regarding the specific experience, qualifications, attributes and skills of each director and nominee led our nominating and corporate governance committee and our Board to conclude that he or she should serve as a director. In addition, we believe that all of our directors and nominees possess the attributes or characteristics described in “—Corporate Governance Matters—Director Nomination Process” that the nominating and corporate governance committee expects of each director. There are no family relationships among any of our directors, nominees for director, or executive officers.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position(s)

Class I Director Nominees—Term expiring at the Annual Meeting

 

 

 

 

Steven Perrin, Ph.D.

 

59

 

President, Chief Scientific Officer, Director

June Lee, M.D.

 

58

 

Director

Class II Directors—Term expiring at the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders

 

 

 

 

Keith A. Katkin

 

52

 

Chair of the Board

Allan D. Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS

 

62

 

Director

John S. McBride

 

72

 

Director

Class III Directors—Term expiring at the 2026 annual meeting of stockholders

 

 

 

 

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

 

51

 

Chief Executive Officer, Director

Jan Hillson, M.D.

 

71

 

Director

James Robinson

 

54

 

Director

Class I Director Nominees

Steven Perrin, Ph.D. has served as a member of our Board since September 2020, when he joined the Board in connection with the Anelixis Transaction. Dr. Perrin currently serves as our President and Chief Scientific Officer, a position he has held since September 2020. From January 2013 until joining Eledon, Dr. Perrin served as Chief Executive Officer of Anelixis. Dr. Perrin has been Executive Chairman of the ALS Therapy Development Institute since June 2010. Dr. Perrin also served as Chief Scientific Officer for the ALS Therapy Development Institute from January 2007 to August 2018. From November 2001 to December 2006, he served as Associate Director of Molecular Profiling for Biogen Idec. Dr. Perrin received his Bachelor of Science in Biology from Boston College in 1987 and his PhD in Biochemistry from Boston University School of Medicine in 1994. We believe Dr. Perrin is qualified to serve on our Board due to his strong scientific background, his extensive knowledge of the Company and experience in our industry.

June Lee, M.D. has served as a member of our Board since December 2020 and currently serves on our compensation committee, nomination and corporate governance committee and Chair of our science and technology committee. Dr. Lee currently is a venture partner at 5AM Ventures. From February 2021 to November 2021, Dr. Lee was founder and Chief Executive Officer at Esker Therapeutics, Inc. From January 2017 until June 2020, Dr. Lee was Chief Development Officer and Chief Operating Officer of MyoKardia, Inc., a clinical stage biotechnology company with a focus on precision cardiovascular medicines. At MyoKardia she built and led a world class development organization culminating in the company’s $13.1 billion

6

 


 

acquisition by Bristol Myers Squibb in November 2020. Prior to MyoKardia from April 2011 to January 2017, Dr. Lee was Professor of Medicine at UCSF School of Medicine, where she served as Director of Translational Research and built the Catalyst Program, an internal accelerator at UCSF for early-stage technologies in therapeutics, devices, diagnostics, and digital health. She is also the founding chair of the University of California Drug, Device, Discovery and Development Group. Previously, from March 2004 to April 2011, she was therapeutic area head in early clinical development in cardiovascular, metabolism, respiratory, and infectious diseases at Genentech. Dr. Lee served on the board of CinCor Pharma, Inc., until it was acquired by Astra Zeneca in March 2023. Dr. Lee currently serves on the board of Tenya Therapeutics, Inc., Abivax, GenEdit and serves as the Chair of the board of Renasant Bio. Dr. Lee completed a Bachelor of Science in chemistry at the Johns Hopkins University, an M.D. at the School of Medicine at University of California, Davis, and her clinical training in internal medicine and pulmonary & critical care at UCLA and UCSF. We believe Dr. Lee is qualified to serve on our Board because of her extensive scientific background and leadership experience in the industry.

Class II Directors

Keith A. Katkin has been a member and the Chair of our Board since May 2017 and currently serves as the Chair of our nominating and corporate governance committee. Mr. Katkin joined Eledon when it acquired Otic Pharma, Ltd in May 2017. Mr. Katkin served as the Principal Executive Officer and as a member of the board of directors of Urovant Sciences Ltd, a public biopharmaceutical company from September 2017 until March 2020. Mr. Katkin served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Avanir Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a publicly traded biopharmaceutical company, from 2007 to 2016. Mr. Katkin led the growth and ultimate sale of Avanir to Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. for $3.5 billion. Mr. Katkin joined Avanir in 2005 as Senior Vice President of Sales and Marketing and a member of Avanir’s executive management team. Prior to joining Avanir, Mr. Katkin served as Vice President, Commercial Development for Peninsula Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a privately held biopharmaceutical company, playing a key role in the concurrent initial public offering and ultimate sale of the company to Johnson and Johnson. Additionally, Mr. Katkin’s employment experience includes leadership roles at InterMune, Inc., Amgen, Inc. and Abbott Laboratories. Mr. Katkin currently serves on the Board of Directors of Syndax Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Emergent BioSolutions, Inc. Mr. Katkin previously served on the Board of Directors of Rigel Pharmaceuticals Inc., within the past five years. Mr. Katkin has an M.B.A. from the Anderson School of Business at UCLA and earned a B.S. in Business and Accounting from Indiana University. Mr. Katkin is also a certified public accountant. We believe Mr. Katkin is qualified to serve on our Board due to his experience at multiple public pharmaceutical companies and his extensive knowledge of the Company and experience in our industry.

Allan D. Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS has been a member of our Board since October 2023 and currently serves on our science and technology committee. Dr. Kirk has served at Duke University since May 2014 as Chairman of the Department of Surgery and Surgeon-in-Chief at Duke University School of Medicine. Dr. Kirk is a principal investigator for multiple clinical trials, including the first-in-human experience with novel immunosuppressive agents. Dr. Kirk pioneered the use of co-stimulation pathway blockade to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients with his research focused on understanding transplant rejection and advancing improved therapies for transplant recipients. He has co-authored hundreds of peer-reviewed journal publications. Dr. Kirk is a member of the Duke Cancer Institute and is a core faculty member of the Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship program. He also previously served as Editor-in-Chief for the American Journal of Transplantation and served as the inaugural Chief of the Transplantation Branch for the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Dr. Kirk earned an M.D. from Duke University School of Medicine, a Ph.D. from Duke University and a Bachelor of Science from Old Dominion University. We believe Dr. Kirk is qualified to serve on our Board due to his extensive scientific background and experience in our industry.

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John S. McBride has been a member of our Board since May 2017 and currently serves on our nominating and corporate governance committee and serves as the Chair of our audit committee. Mr. McBride currently serves as President of Alliance Life Science Advisors, Inc., a consulting firm focused on assisting life science companies with strategic planning, business development and financing projects. Mr. McBride has been active with the firm during various periods over the last thirteen years. From August 2019 until March 2021, Mr. McBride was Chief Financial Officer of Cadent Therapeutics, Inc. Mr. McBride served as Tokai Pharmaceuticals’ Chief Operating Officer from February 2014 to May 2017 and as Tokai’s Chief Financial Officer from September 2016 to May 2017. Mr. McBride previously served as Tokai’s interim Chief Financial Officer from April 2014 until September 2014. Prior to joining Tokai, Mr. McBride founded and served as President of Alliance Life Science Advisors, Inc., where he was active from March 2012 until February 2014 and became active again beginning in June 2017 until August 2019. Prior to founding Alliance Life Science Advisors, Inc., Mr. McBride was an independent consultant from January 2009 until March 2012. In addition, Mr. McBride previously served as Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer of Gloucester Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Global Head of Oncology Licensing at Pharmacia Corporation, Executive Vice President, Business Operations and Chief Financial Officer at CytoTherapeutics, Inc., Vice President, Business Development and Treasurer at Phytera, Inc., Vice President, Commercial Development at Sparta Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and Vice President, Business Development at U.S. Bioscience, Inc. Mr. McBride holds a B.S. in Biochemistry and an M.S. in Chemical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin and an M.B.A from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania. We believe Mr. McBride is qualified to serve on our Board due to his extensive knowledge of the Company and our industry.

Class III Directors

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D. has been a member of our Board and the Company’s Chief Executive Officer since September 2020. Dr. Gros served as an advisor to Eledon since May 2020. He joined Eledon from Imbria Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a clinical-stage biotechnology company, where from May 2018, he was Co-Founder, Chief Executive Officer and served on its board of directors, including as Chairman. Prior to Imbria, Dr. Gros was President and Chief Operating Officer of Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc., Chief Business and Principal Financial Officer of Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc., and Chief Strategy Officer of Sanofi, S.A. Before joining Sanofi, Dr. Gros held leadership positions in healthcare investment banking at Centerview Partners, LLC, and Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith Inc., and in healthcare consulting at McKinsey & Company. He previously served on the Board of Directors of Eliem Therapeutics, Inc., a biotechnology company which he co-founded, and of Saint Jean Groupe, S.A., a French manufacturer of pasta products. Dr. Gros earned his Doctor of Medicine from The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, a Master of Business Administration from Harvard Business School, and a Bachelor of Arts from Dartmouth College. We believe Dr. Gros is qualified to serve on our Board due to his strong scientific background, his extensive knowledge of the Company and experience in our industry.

Jan Hillson, M.D. has served as a member of our Board since July 2021 and currently serves on our science and technology committee. Dr. Hillson has served as interim Chief Medical Officer of GlycoEra AG, a private company focused on precision degradation of extracellular proteins and is a partner at Cascadia Drug Development Group since February 2024. Dr. Hillson previously served as Senior Vice President of Clinical Development at Provention Bio, a clinical stage public company focused on debilitating and life-threatening immune-mediated disease from November 2021 to February 2024. From June 2019 to November 2021, Dr. Hillson served as Senior Vice President of Clinical Development at Alpine Immune Sciences. From December 2016 to June 2019, Dr. Hillson was Senior Vice President of Drug Development for ChemoCentryx, and, before that, served as Vice President of Clinical and Translational Research at Momenta Pharmaceuticals. Earlier in her career, she served in senior roles at ZymoGenetics/Bristol Myers Squibb and Xcyte Therapies. Dr. Hillson also served as a member of the Clinical Faculty at Harvard Medical School (Cambridge Health Alliance), Assistant Professor at the University of Washington, and Division Head at Virginia Mason Medical Center. Dr. Hillson is a licensed rheumatologist and continues to care for patients. She received her MD from Stanford School of Medicine, an MS from the California Institute of Technology, an MS in Marine Chemistry from Scripps Institute of Oceanography, and a BS from Michigan State University. We believe Dr. Hillson is qualified to serve on our Board due to her strong scientific background and experience in our industry.

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James Robinson, has served as a member of the Board of Directors of Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. since October 2023 and currently serves as the Chair of our compensation committee. Mr. Robinson has served as Chief Executive Officer and Director of A2 Biotherapeutics, Inc., a clinical stage private company focused on cell therapy for multi types of cancer since April 2024. Mr. Robinson previously served as Chief Executive Officer and Director of Urovant Sciences from March 2020 to July 2023, guiding the company through its first product launch, and subsequent acquisition by Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma. From April 2019 to March 2020, Mr. Robinson was President and Chief Operating Officer of Paragon Biosciences. From March 2018 to April 2019, Mr. Robinson served as President and COO of Alkermes. Prior to Alkermes, Mr. Robinson spent over 12 years at Astellas Pharma, one of the leaders in the field of solid organ transplant, where he served as President of the Americas and was responsible for approximately $4 billion in revenue generation. Mr. Robinson also serves on the Board of Directors of UroGen Pharma (Nasdaq: URGN) and Petauri Health. He previously served on the Board of Directors for Neos Therapeutics, Applied Genetic Technologies Corp. and Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), where he served as Chairman of PhRMA’s State Committee. He earned a Bachelor of Science in marketing from DePaul University. We believe Mr. Robinson is qualified to serve on our Board due to his experience at multiple public pharmaceutical companies and his extensive knowledge of the Company and experience in our industry.

Corporate Governance Matters

Our Board believes that good corporate governance is important to ensure that our company is managed for the long-term benefit of stockholders. This section describes key corporate governance policies and practices that our Board has adopted. Complete copies of our corporate governance guidelines, committee charters and code of conduct are available on the Corporate Governance section of our website, which is located at http://ir.eledon.com/corporate-governance/governance-overview.

Corporate Governance Guidelines

Our Board has adopted corporate governance guidelines to assist in the exercise of its duties and responsibilities and to serve the best interests of our company and our stockholders. These guidelines, which provide a framework for the conduct of our Board’s business, provide that:

the principal responsibility of our Board is to oversee our management;
a majority of the members of the Board must be independent directors, unless otherwise permitted by the rules of The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”);
the independent directors meet at least twice a year in executive session and at other times at the request of any independent director;
directors have full and free access to management and, as necessary and appropriate, independent advisors; and
new directors participate in an orientation program and all directors are expected to participate in continuing director education on an ongoing basis.

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Board Leadership Structure

Our corporate governance guidelines provide that the nominating and corporate governance committee shall periodically assess the Board’s leadership structure, including whether the offices of Chief Executive Officer and Chair of the Board should be separate. Our guidelines provide the Board with flexibility to determine whether the two roles should be combined or separated based upon our needs and the Board’s assessment of its leadership from time to time. We currently separate the roles of Chief Executive Officer and Chair of the Board. Our Chief Executive Officer is responsible for setting the strategic direction for our company and the day-to-day leadership and performance of our company, while our Chair of the Board presides over meetings of the Board, including executive sessions of the Board, and performs oversight responsibilities. Because we have an independent Chair, the Board has not appointed a separate lead independent director. Our Board has four standing committees that currently consist of, and are chaired by, independent directors. Our Board delegates substantial responsibilities to the committees, which then report their activities and actions back to the full Board. We believe that the independent committees of our Board and their chairpersons promote effective independent governance. We believe this structure represents an appropriate allocation of roles and responsibilities for our company at this time because it strikes an effective balance between management and independent leadership participation in our Board proceedings.

Board Determination of Independence

Rule 5605 of the Nasdaq Listing Rules requires a majority of a listed company’s board of directors to be comprised of independent directors. In addition, the Nasdaq Listing Rules require that, subject to specified exceptions, each member of a listed company’s audit, compensation and nominating and corporate governance committees be independent under the Exchange Act. Audit committee members must also satisfy the independence criteria set forth in Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act, and compensation committee members must also satisfy the independence criteria set forth in Rule 5605(d)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules. Under Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules, a director will only qualify as an “independent director” if, in the opinion of our Board, that person does not have a relationship that would interfere with the exercise of independent judgment in carrying out the responsibilities of a director. In order to be considered independent for purposes of Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act, a member of an audit committee of a listed company may not, other than in his or her capacity as a member of the audit committee, the board of directors, or any other board committee, accept, directly or indirectly, any consulting, advisory, or other compensatory fee from the listed company or any of its subsidiaries or otherwise be an affiliated person of the listed company or any of its subsidiaries. In order to be considered independent for purposes of Rule 5605(d)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules, the board must consider, for each member of a compensation committee of a listed company, all factors specifically relevant to determining whether a director has a relationship to such company which is material to that director’s ability to be independent from management in connection with the duties of a compensation committee member, including, but not limited to: (1) the source of compensation of the director, including any consulting advisory or other compensatory fee paid by such company to the director; and (2) whether the director is affiliated with the company or any of its subsidiaries or affiliates.

Our Board undertook a review of the composition of our Board and its committees and the independence of each director. Based upon information requested from and provided by each director concerning his or her background, employment and affiliations, including family relationships, our Board has determined that each of Drs. Lee, Hillson and Kirk and Messrs. Ogier, Katkin, McBride and Robinson is an “independent director” as defined under Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules). The Board also determined that Gary L. Lyons, who retired from our Board in June 2023, was an “independent director” as defined under Rule 5605(a)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules during his service in 2023. Dr. Gros is not an independent director under Rule 5605(a)(2) because he is our Chief Executive Officer. Dr. Perrin is not an independent director under Rule 5605(a)(2) because he is our President and Chief Scientific Officer.

Our Board also determined that John S. McBride, James Robinson and Walter Ogier who currently serve on our audit committee, satisfy the independence standards for audit committees established by the SEC and the Nasdaq Listing Rules, including the independence requirements contemplated by Rule 10A-3 under the Exchange Act. In addition, our Board determined that June Lee, Walter Ogier and James Robinson, who currently serve on our compensation committee, satisfy the enhanced independence standards for compensation committees established by Rule 5605(d)(2) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules. In making such determinations, our Board considered the relationships that each such non-employee director has with our company and all other facts and circumstances our Board deemed relevant in determining independence, including the beneficial ownership of our capital stock by each non-employee director.

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Board Meetings and Attendance

Our Board held seven meetings during fiscal 2023. During fiscal 2023, each of the directors then in office attended at least 75% of the aggregate of the number of Board meetings and the number of meetings held by all committees of the Board on which such director then served during the period of his or her service during fiscal 2023. Our corporate governance guidelines provide that directors are expected to attend the annual meeting of stockholders. All of our directors then in office attended the 2023 annual meeting of stockholders.

Communicating with the Board

The Board will give appropriate attention to written communications that are submitted by stockholders, and will respond if and as appropriate. The Chair of the Board is primarily responsible for monitoring communications from stockholders and for providing copies or summaries to the other directors as he considers appropriate.

Communications are forwarded to all directors if they relate to important substantive matters and include suggestions or comments that the Chair of the Board considers to be important for the directors to know. In general, communications relating to corporate governance and corporate strategy are more likely to be forwarded than communications relating to ordinary business affairs, personal grievances and matters as to which we receive repetitive or duplicative communications.

Stockholders who wish to send communications on any topic to our Board should address such communications to Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Attention: Board of Directors, 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California 92612.

Committees of the Board

We have established an audit committee, a compensation committee, a science and technology committee and nominating and a corporate governance committee. Each of these committees operates under a charter that has been approved by our Board. A copy of each committee’s charter can be found under the Corporate Governance section of our website, which is located at http://ir.eledon.com/corporate-governance/governance-overview.

The following table provides the current membership for each of the Board Committees:

 

Name

 

Audit Committee

 

Compensation Committee

 

Science and Technology Committee

 

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

Keith A. Katkin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X*

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan Hillson, M.D.

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

Allan D. Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

June Lee, M.D.

 

 

 

X

 

X*

 

X

John S. McBride

 

X*

 

 

 

 

 

X

Walter Ogier

 

X

 

X

 

 

 

 

Steven Perrin, Ph.D.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Robinson

 

X

 

X*

 

 

 

 

*Committee Chairperson

Audit Committee

Our audit committee’s responsibilities include:

appointing, approving the compensation of, and assessing the independence of our registered public accounting firm;
overseeing the work of our independent registered public accounting firm, including through the receipt and consideration of reports from such firm;
reviewing and discussing with management and our independent registered public accounting firm our annual and quarterly financial statements and related disclosures;
monitoring our internal control over financial reporting, disclosure controls and procedures and code of business conduct and ethics;

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overseeing our internal audit function, if any;
discussing our risk management policies;
establishing policies regarding hiring employees from our independent registered public accounting firm and procedures for the receipt and retention of accounting related complaints and concerns;
meeting independently with our internal auditing staff, if any, our independent registered public accounting firm and management;
reviewing and approving or ratifying any related person transactions; and
preparing the audit committee report required by SEC rules.

Our Board has determined Messrs. McBride, Ogier and Robinson each qualify as an “audit committee financial expert” within the meaning of applicable SEC rules. The audit committee held nine meetings during fiscal 2023.

Compensation Committee

Our compensation committee’s responsibilities include:

reviewing and approving, or making recommendations to our Board with respect to, the compensation of our Chief Executive Officer and other executive officers;
overseeing the evaluation of our senior executives;
reviewing and making recommendations to our Board with respect to our incentive-compensation and equity-based compensation plans;
overseeing and administering our equity-based plans;
reviewing and making recommendations to our Board with respect to director compensation;
reviewing and discussing with management our “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” disclosure (to the extent such disclosure is required by SEC rules); and
preparing the compensation committee report (to the extent such report is required by SEC rules).

The compensation committee may delegate to one or more executive officers of the Company the power to grant options or other stock awards pursuant to such equity-based plan to employees of the Company or any subsidiary of the Company who are not directors or executive officers of the Company. The compensation committee may also form and delegate authority to one or more subcommittees as it deems appropriate from time to time under the circumstances. The compensation committee held five meetings during fiscal 2023.

During our fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, our compensation committee engaged the services of compensation consulting firm Aon Consulting, Inc. (“Aon”) to advise the compensation committee regarding the amount and types of compensation that we provide to our executives and directors and how our compensation practices compared to the compensation practices of other companies. Aon reported directly to the compensation committee. The compensation committee believes that Aon does not have any conflicts of interest in advising the compensation committee under applicable SEC and Nasdaq rules. For 2023, the compensation committee engaged Aon specifically to:

participate in discussions with the compensation committee and selected members of senior management regarding our historical pay practices, incumbent roles and responsibilities, compensation philosophy and equity grant alternatives;
review equity grant practices for us and our industry peers, including topics such as equity plan dilution, annual share usage, prevalence of long-term incentive award vehicles and mix, and equity stakes for named executive officers; and
review and assess our non-employee director compensation program.

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Science and Technology Committee

Our science and technology committee’s responsibilities include:

reviewing and making recommendation to our Board on path to clinic, clinical development and path to market strategies for the Company’s programs;
reviewing and making recommendation to our Board on research and development organizational structure and optimization;
reviewing and making recommendation to our Board on potential buy-side business development opportunities from a scientific, medical and regulatory perspective;
assisting management in identifying, sourcing, screening, and evaluating buy-side business development opportunities from a scientific, medical and regulatory perspective; and
assisting management in strategizing, messaging, and networking with respect to sell-side business development opportunities from a scientific and technical perspective.

The science and technology committee held five meetings during fiscal 2023.

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

Our nominating and corporate governance committee’s responsibilities include:

identifying individuals qualified to become members of our Board;
recommending to our Board the persons to be nominated for election as directors and to each of our Board’s committees;
developing and recommending corporate governance principles to our Board; and
overseeing an annual evaluation of our Board.

The nominating and corporate governance committee held five meetings during fiscal 2023.

Board Diversity

 

Board Diversity Matrix (As of May 30, 2024*)

 

 

Female

 

Male

Total Number of Directors

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

Part I: Gender Identity

Directors

 

2

 

7

Part II: Demographic Background

 

 

 

 

White

 

1

 

7

Asian

 

1

 

Additional Demographic Information

 

 

 

 

Middle Eastern

 

1

 

*Our Board Diversity Matrix as of April 24, 2023 can be found in our proxy statement for the 2023 Annual Meeting filed with the SEC on May 1, 2023.

Director Nomination Process

The process followed by our nominating and corporate governance committee to identify and evaluate director candidates includes, among other things, requests to board members and others for recommendations, meetings from time to time to evaluate biographical information and background material relating to potential candidates and interviews of selected candidates by members of the nominating and corporate governance committee and our Board.

In considering whether to recommend to our Board any particular candidate for inclusion in our Board’ slate of recommended director nominees, including candidates recommended by stockholders, the nominating and corporate governance committee of our Board applies the criteria set forth in the charter of the nominating and corporate governance

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committee. These criteria include, among other things, the candidate’s integrity, business acumen, knowledge of our business and industry, the ability to act in the interests of all stockholders and lack of conflicts of interest.

The director biographies set forth above indicate each nominee’s experience, qualifications, attributes and skills that led our nominating and corporate governance committee and our Board to conclude he or she should continue to serve as a director. Our nominating and corporate governance committee and our Board believe that each of the nominees has the individual attributes and characteristics required of each of our directors, and the nominees as a group, together with the incumbent directors, possess the skill sets and specific experience desired of our Board as a whole. The nominating and corporate governance committee also takes into account the nature of and time involved in a director’s service on other boards and a director’s other time commitments in evaluating the suitability of individual directors and making its recommendations to the Board.

Our nominating and corporate governance committee does not have a policy (formal or informal) with respect to diversity, but believes that our board, taken as a whole, should embody a diverse set of skills, experiences and backgrounds. In this regard, the nominating and corporate governance committee also takes into consideration the diversity (for example, with respect to gender, race and national origin) of our board members.

Stockholder Recommendations and Nominations

Stockholders may recommend individuals to our nominating and corporate governance committee for consideration as potential director candidates by submitting their names, together with appropriate biographical information and background materials and a statement as to whether the stockholder or group of stockholders making the recommendation has beneficially owned more than 5% of our Common Stock for at least a year as of the date such recommendation is made, to Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Attention: Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California 92612. Assuming that appropriate biographical and background material has been provided on or before the dates set forth in this Proxy Statement under the heading “Other Matters – Stockholder Proposals for our 2025 Annual Meeting,” the committee will evaluate stockholder-recommended candidates by following substantially the same process, and applying substantially the same criteria, as it follows for candidates submitted by others. If the board determines to nominate a stockholder-recommended candidate and recommends his or her election, then his or her name will be included in our proxy card for the next annual meeting.

Stockholders also have the right under our by-laws to directly nominate director candidates for consideration at any annual meeting, without inclusion of such candidate(s) in the Company’s proxy materials and without any action or recommendation on the part of the nominating and corporate governance committee or our Board, by following the procedures set forth under “Other Matters – Stockholder Proposals for our 2025 Annual Meeting.”

Oversight of Risk

Our Board oversees our risk management processes directly and through its committees. Our management is responsible for risk management on a day-day basis. The role of our Board and its committees is to oversee the risk management activities of management. Our Board fulfills this duty by discussing with management the policies and practices utilized by management in assessing and managing risks and providing input on those policies and practices. In general, our Board oversees risk management activities relating to business strategy, acquisitions, capital allocation, organizational structure and certain operational risks and also reviews and discusses our policies with respect to risk assessment; our audit committee oversees risk management activities related to financial controls and legal and compliance risks; our compensation committee oversees risk management activities relating to our compensation policies and practices; and our nominating and corporate governance committee oversees risk management activities relating to the composition of our Board and management succession planning. Each committee reports to the full Board on a regular basis, including reports with respect to the committee’s risk oversight activities, as appropriate. In addition, since risk issues often overlap, committees may and occasionally do request that the full Board discuss particular risks.

Code of Business Conduct and Ethics

We have adopted a written code of business conduct and ethics that applies to our directors, officers and employees, including our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, or persons performing similar functions. A copy of the code is available on the Corporate Governance section of our website, which is located at http://ir.eledon.com/corporate-governance/governance-overview. We intend to disclose on our website any

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amendments to, or waivers from, the code of business conduct and ethics that are required to be disclosed pursuant to the disclosure requirements of Item 5.05 of Form 8-K within four business days following the date of the amendment or waiver.

Policy on Pledging and Hedging of Company Shares

Pursuant to the Company's Insider Trading Policy, Company personnel, including our officers and employees, and members of the Board, are prohibited from engaging in any of the following types of transactions:

short sales of Company securities, including short sales “against the box”;
purchases or sales of puts, calls or other derivative securities based on the Company's securities; and
purchases of financial instruments (including prepaid variable forward contracts, equity swaps, collars and exchange funds) that are designed to hedge or offset any decrease in the market.

Our Board has adopted a written related person transaction policy to set forth policies and procedures for the review and approval or ratification of related person transactions. This policy covers any transaction, arrangement or relationship, or any series of similar transactions, arrangements or relationships, in which we were or are to be a participant, the amount involved exceeds the lesser of $120,000 or one percent of the average of the our total assets at year-end for the last two completed fiscal years, and a related person had or will have a direct or indirect material interest, including, without limitation, purchases of goods or services by or from the related person or entities in which the related person has a material interest, indebtedness, guarantees of indebtedness and employment by us of a related person.

Our related person transaction policy contains exceptions for any transaction or interest that is not considered a related person transaction under SEC rules as in effect from time to time. In addition, the policy provides that an interest arising solely from a related person’s position as an executive officer of another entity that is a participant in a transaction with us will not be subject to the policy if each of the following conditions is met:

the related person and all other related persons own in the aggregate less than a 10% equity interest in such entity;
the related person and his or her immediate family members are not involved in the negotiation of the terms of the transaction with us and do not receive any special benefits as a result of the transaction; and
the amount involved in the transaction is less than the greater of $200,000 and 5% of the annual gross revenue of the company receiving payment under the transaction.

The policy provides that any related person transaction proposed to be entered into by us must be reported to our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer and will be reviewed and approved by our audit committee in accordance with the terms of the policy, prior to effectiveness or consummation of the transaction whenever practicable. The policy provides that if our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer determines that advance approval of a related person transaction is not practicable under the circumstances, our audit committee will review and, in its discretion, may ratify the related person transaction at the next meeting of the audit committee. The policy also provides that alternatively, our Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer may present a related person transaction arising in the time period between meetings of the audit committee to the chair of the audit committee, who will review and may approve the related person transaction, subject to ratification by the audit committee at the next meeting of the audit committee.

In addition, the policy provides that any related person transaction previously approved by the audit committee or otherwise already existing that is ongoing in nature will be reviewed by the audit committee annually to ensure that such related person transaction has been conducted in accordance with the previous approval granted by the audit committee, if any, and that all required disclosures regarding the related person transaction are made.

The policy provides that transactions involving compensation of executive officers will be reviewed and approved by our compensation committee in the manner to be specified in the charter of the compensation committee.

A related person transaction reviewed under this policy will be considered approved or ratified if it is authorized by the audit committee in accordance with the standards set forth in the policy after full disclosure of the related person’s interests in the transaction. As appropriate for the circumstances, the policy provides that the audit committee will review and consider:

the related person’s interest in the related person transaction;

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the approximate dollar value of the amount involved in the related person transaction;
the approximate dollar value of the amount of the related person’s interest in the transaction without regard to the amount of any profit or loss;
whether the transaction was undertaken in the ordinary course of business of our company;
whether the transaction with the related person is proposed to be, or was, entered into on terms no less favorable to us than the terms that could have been reached with an unrelated third party;
the purpose of, and the potential benefits to us of, the transaction; and
any other information regarding the related person transaction or the related person in the context of the proposed transaction that would be material to investors in light of the circumstances of the particular transaction.

The policy provides that the audit committee will review all relevant information available to it about the related person transaction. The policy provides that the audit committee may approve or ratify the related person transaction only if the audit committee determines that, under all of the circumstances, the transaction is in, or is not inconsistent with, our best interests. The policy provides that the audit committee may, in its sole discretion, impose such conditions as it deems appropriate on us or the related person in connection with approval of the related person transaction.

Other than as described below, we have not been a party to any transaction since January 1, 2022 in which the amounts involved exceeded or will exceed the lesser of $120,000 or one percent of the average of our total assets at year-end for the last two years, and in which any of our directors, executive officers, nominees for director or holders of more than 5% of our capital stock, or any member of the immediate family of, or person sharing the household with, the foregoing persons, had or will have a direct or indirect material interest that is reportable pursuant to Item 404(a) of Regulation S-K.

2023 Financing Transaction

In connection with the 2023 Private Placement described under “Information Regarding Recent Financing Transactions” below, Biotechnology Value Fund L.P., Biotechnology Value Fund II, L.P., Biotechnology Value Trading Fund OS LP and MSI BVF SPV, LLC (the “BVF Entities”) acquired an aggregate of 2,000,000 shares of Common Stock, Pre-Funded Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 3,844,153 shares of Common Stock and Common Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 5,844,153 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof) for an aggregate purchase price of $20,618,369, and have agreed to acquire an additional 7,792,204 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof) for an aggregate purchase price of $17,999,991 in a Second Closing upon the satisfaction or waiver of specified conditions and an additional 9,740,255 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof) for an aggregate purchase price of $22,499,989 in a Third Closing upon the satisfaction or waiver of specified conditions. The Pre-Funded Warrants and Common Warrants are each subject to a beneficial ownership limitation of 9.99%, which does not permit the BVF Entities to exercise the portion of the warrants that would result in such entities, together with their affiliates, beneficially owning after exercise a number of shares of Common Stock in excess of the beneficial ownership limitation. BVF Partners L.P., BVF, Inc. and Mark N. Lampert, beneficial owners of more than 10% of our outstanding voting securities, have shared voting and shared dispositive power over the shares of Common Stock held by the BVF Entities.

Also in connection with the 2023 Private Placement described under “Information Regarding Recent Financing Transactions” below, Blu-G Nevada Par Equity LLC dba BGN Investing 1 (“BGN Investing 1”) acquired 108,225 shares of Common Stock and Common Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 108,225 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of approximately $250,000, and has agreed to acquire an additional 144,300 shares of Common Stock for a purchase price of $333,333 in a Second Closing upon the satisfaction or waiver of specified conditions and an additional 180,375 shares of Common Stock for a purchase price of approximately $416,666 in a Third Closing upon the satisfactory or waiver of specified conditions. Charles-Edouard Gros, the brother of our Chief Executive Officer, David-Alexandre Gros, beneficially owns the shares of Common Stock held by BGN Investing 1.

2024 Financing Transaction

In connection with the 2024 Private Placement described under “Information Regarding Recent Financing Transactions” below, the BVF Entities acquired an aggregate of 1,966,572 shares of Common Stock and Pre-Funded Warrants exercisable for an aggregate of 6,050,305 shares of Common Stock for an aggregate purchase price of $18,993,948. The Pre-Funded

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Warrants are subject to a beneficial ownership limitation of 9.99%, which does not permit the BVF Entities to exercise the portion of the warrants that would result in such entities, together with their affiliates, beneficially owning after exercise a number of shares of Common Stock in excess of the beneficial ownership limitation. BVF Partners L.P., BVF, Inc. and Mark N. Lampert, beneficial owners of more than 10% of our outstanding voting securities, have shared voting and shared dispositive power over the shares of Common Stock held by the BVF Entities.

Also in connection with the 2024 Private Placement described under “Information Regarding Recent Financing Transactions” below, BGN Investing 1 acquired 140,646 shares of Common Stock for a purchase price of $333,331. Charles-Edouard Gros, the brother of our Chief Executive Officer, David-Alexandre Gros, beneficially owns the shares of Common Stock held by BGN Investing 1.

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EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

Executive Officers

Each of our executive officers serves at the discretion of the Board. The determination as to which of our employees qualify as executive officers was made by the Board in accordance with the rules of the SEC. Biographical information for our executive officers as of the Record Date is set forth below. The following table identifies our current executive officers, their age, and their respective offices and positions as of the Record Date.

 

Name

 

Age

 

Position(s)

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

 

51

 

Chief Executive Officer

Paul Little

 

60

 

Chief Financial Officer

Steven Perrin, Ph.D.

 

59

 

President and Chief Scientific Officer

Bryan Smith

 

45

 

General Counsel, Corporate Secretary and Chief Compliance Officer

Biographical information for David-Alexandre C. Gros and Steven Perrin is set forth under “Board of Directors and Corporate Governance” on page 6 of this Proxy Statement.

Paul Little has served as our Chief Financial Officer since March 2021. He has over 30 years of financial, operations, business strategy and leadership experience in global public companies. Before joining Eledon in March 2021, Mr. Little served as Chief Financial Officer of Sientra Inc., a medical aesthetics company that develops and sells medical aesthetics products to plastic surgeons, where he led finance, investor relations, information technology, and manufacturing from August 2018 to March 2021. During his tenure at Sientra, Mr. Little successfully led multiple public financing rounds while strengthening the balance sheet and driving organizational and operational efficiencies to accelerate revenue growth while improving cash flow. Prior to Sientra, Mr. Little served as Chief Operating Officer for Candela Medical (formerly Syneron-Candela) from October 2016 to September 2017, where he led the Company’s global supply chain and service organization and helped lead the execution of the growth strategy culminating in the sale of the company. Before Candela Medical, Mr. Little served as Vice President, Finance and Commercial Operations for Allergan PLC’s Medical Aesthetics division and as a key member of the senior leadership team, helping build Allergan into the global market leader for medical aesthetics. In this role, Mr. Little built the commercial finance, commercial operations and customer operations functions from the ground up and led the financial assessment and integration of over $3 billion in M&A activities. He joined Allergan from ConAgra Brands, and began his career in public accounting at KPMG. Mr. Little holds a B.A. in Business Economics from the University of California, Santa Barbara.

Bryan Smith has served as our General Counsel, Corporate Secretary and Chief Compliance Officer since April 2021. Prior to joining Eledon, Mr. Smith was General Counsel, Corporate Secretary, and Chief Compliance Officer of Urovant Sciences, a biopharmaceutical company focused on developing therapies for urological conditions, from April 2018 to April 2021. During his time at Urovant, Mr. Smith led the company through its initial public offering and its eventual sale for $681 million to Sumitovant (a wholly owned subsidiary of Sumitomo Dainippon Pharma). From August 2011 to April 2018, Mr. Smith held leadership roles at Allergan, serving as Associate Vice President and Senior Counsel and chief counsel to the company’s urology, neurology, aesthetics, and dermatology business units. Prior to joining Allergan, Mr. Smith was a litigator at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher LLP. Mr. Smith received his B.A. in Political Science from Brigham Young University and his J.D. from the University of Southern California Law School. After graduating from law school, Mr. Smith was a law clerk to the Honorable Cormac J. Carney in the United States District Court for the Central District of California.

 

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INFORMATION REGARDING RECENT FINANCING TRANSACTIONS

2023 Financing Transaction

On April 28, 2023, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “2023 Securities Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional and accredited investors (the “Purchasers”), pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell to the Purchasers in a private placement (the “2023 Private Placement”) (i) in an initial closing, (a) an aggregate of approximately 15 million shares of our Common Stock, or pre-funded warrants in lieu thereof (the “Pre-Funded Warrants”), and (b) common stock warrants exercisable into an aggregate of 15,151,518 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof) (the “Common Warrants” and, together with the Pre-Funded Warrants, the “Warrants”); (ii) in a second closing ("Second Closing"), upon the satisfaction or waiver of specified conditions set forth in the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement, an aggregate of 20,202,024 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants); and (iii) in a third closing ("Third Closing"), upon the satisfaction or waiver of specified conditions set forth in the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement, an aggregate of 25,252,530 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants), in each case subject to customary adjustments. Each Common Warrant has an exercise price of $3.00 per share and expires five years after issuance. The Pre-Funded Warrants are exercisable immediately and until exercised in full.

The Second and Third Closings under the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement have mandatory funding conditions whereby the Purchasers committed to purchase shares in the second and third closings upon the satisfaction or waiver of specified clinical trial milestones and volume weighted average share price levels and trading volume conditions.

The Warrants are subject to specified beneficial ownership limitations (equal to 4.99% or 9.99% as determined by holder of each such warrant) of the total Common Stock then issued and outstanding immediately following the exercise of such Warrants, and provided that any beneficial ownership limitation may not exceed 19.99% unless otherwise permitted.

The 2023 Private Placement resulted in gross proceeds us of approximately $35 million in the initial closing, and is expected to result in gross proceeds of an additional $105 million upon sale of the shares to be issued in the second and third closings, and an additional $45 million assuming the exercise of all Common Warrants. We have used and intend to continue to use the net proceeds from the 2023 Private Placement for working capital and general corporate purposes, including the clinical development of our lead asset, tegoprubart.

2024 Financing Transaction

On May 6, 2024, we entered into a Securities Purchase Agreement (the “2024 Securities Purchase Agreement”) with certain institutional and accredited investors, pursuant to which we agreed to issue and sell to the investors in a private placement (the “2024 Private Placement”) an aggregate of 13,110,484 shares of Common Stock at a price of $2.37 per share, and Pre-Funded Warrants at a price of $2.369 per underlying share, which are exercisable to purchase 7,989,516 shares of Common Stock at an exercise price of $0.001 per share. The Pre-Funded Warrants were issued in lieu of shares of Common Stock and are exercisable immediately and until exercised in full. The Pre-Funded Warrants are subject to specified beneficial ownership limitations (equal to 4.99% or 9.99% as determined by holder of each such warrant) of the total Common Stock then issued and outstanding immediately following the exercise of such warrants, and provided that any beneficial ownership limitation may not exceed 19.99% unless otherwise permitted.

The 2024 Private Placement resulted in gross proceeds to us of $50.0 million, or net proceeds of approximately $47.6 million after deducting offering costs. We intend to use the net proceeds from the 2024 Private Placement to fund pre-commercial activities for its products and general corporate purposes.


 

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EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

Our named executive officers for the year ended December 31, 2023, consisting of our principal executive officer ("PEO") and the next two most highly compensated officers were:

David-Alexandre C. Gros, our Chief Executive Officer;
Steven Perrin, our President and Chief Scientific Officer; and
Paul Little, our Chief Financial Officer

This section discusses the material elements of our executive compensation policies for our “named executive officers” and the most important factors relevant to an analysis of these policies. In addition, this section provides qualitative information regarding the manner and context in which compensation is awarded to and earned by our named executive officers and is intended to place in perspective the data presented in the following tables and the corresponding narrative.

Summary Compensation Table

The following table sets forth information regarding compensation earned by our named executive officers during the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022.

 

Name and Principal
Position

 

Year

 

Salary ($)

 

 

Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation($)(1)

 

 

Option
Awards ($)
(2)

 

 

All Other
Compensation ($)
(3)

 

 

Total ($)

 

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

 

2023

 

$

559,478

 

 

$

286,383

 

 

$

1,686,802

 

 

$

20,490

 

 

$

2,553,153

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

2022

 

$

532,503

 

 

$

256,702

 

 

$

310,538

 

 

$

18,750

 

 

$

1,118,493

 

Steven Perrin, Ph.D.

 

2023

 

$

437,439

 

 

$

175,619

 

 

$

906,435

 

 

$

21,090

 

 

$

1,540,583

 

President and Chief Scientific Officer

 

2022

 

$

417,052

 

 

$

167,256

 

 

$

445,679

 

 

$

19,590

 

 

$

1,049,577

 

Paul Little

 

2023

 

$

441,448

 

 

$

159,506

 

 

$

699,132

 

 

$

21,090

 

 

$

1,321,176

 

Chief Financial Officer

 

2022

 

$

421,051

 

 

$

175,031

 

 

$

445,679

 

 

$

15,631

 

 

$

1,057,392

 

 

(1)
The amounts reported for 2023 and 2022 represent bonuses earned in 2023 and 2022, and paid in February 2024 and 2023, respectively, based on the achievement of pre-established performance goals as determined by our Board.
(2)
These amounts represent the aggregate grant date fair value of awards for 2023 and 2022 computed in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board Accounting Standards Codification Topic 718, or FASB ASC Topic 718. See Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 regarding assumptions underlying the valuation of equity grants.
(3)
Represents the value of the company-paid premiums for group term life insurance and 401(k) matching contributions.

Narrative to the Summary Compensation Table

The elements of the compensation program for our named executive officers include: annual base salary; an annual cash (non-equity) incentive; long-term equity awards; certain health, welfare and 401(k) plan benefits. Our named executive officers also have severance benefits in their respective employment agreements (see “Agreements with Named Executive Officers” below).

The compensation of our named executive officers is generally determined and approved at the beginning of each year or, if later, in connection with the commencement of employment of the executive, by our Board or the Compensation Committee.

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In setting base salaries and bonus opportunities and granting equity incentive awards, our compensation committee considers compensation for comparable positions in the market, the historical compensation levels of our executives, individual and corporate performance as compared to our expectations and objectives, our desire to motivate our employees to achieve short- and long-term results that are in the best interests of our stockholders, and a long-term commitment to our company. As part of this process, Dr. Gros, as our Chief Executive Officer, prepares performance evaluations for the other executive officers and recommends annual salary increases, annual stock option awards and cash bonuses to the compensation committee. The Compensation Committee conducts a performance evaluation of Dr. Gros. Prior to approving compensation for our executive officers, the compensation committee consults with the full Board.

Base Salary

The 2023 annual base salaries for our named executive officers are set forth in the table below:

 

Name

 

2023 Base Salary

 

David-Alexandre C. Gros

 

$

561,535

 

Steven Perrin

 

$

439,047

 

Paul Little

 

$

443,071

 

Non-Equity Incentive Compensation

Our Board adopted a formal executive bonus plan (“Performance Bonus Plan”) in February 2021. The purpose of the Performance Bonus Plan is to create a direct relationship between key business performance measurements and individual bonus amounts. The Performance Bonus Plan provides for bonus payments to each executive officer conditioned upon the achievement of certain performance goals established by the Compensation Committee, which may differ for each executive officer. Our Compensation Committee establishes such performance goals based on one or more established performance criteria relating to operational or financial performance.

Each executive officer is assigned a target bonus expressed as a percentage of their base salary.

For 2023, Dr. Gros's target performance bonus was 60% of his base salary.
For 2023, Dr. Perrin's target performance bonus was 50% of his base salary.
For 2023, Mr. Little's target performance bonus was 40% of his base salary.

The Compensation Committee may consider each named executive officer’s individual contributions towards reaching our annual corporate goals. There is no minimum bonus percentage or amount established for the named executive officers and, thus, the bonus amounts vary from year to year based on corporate and individual performance, in each case pursuant to the terms of our Performance Bonus Plan and each executive officer’s employment agreement and offer letter.

The Board approved research and development, CMC manufacturing and financial corporate goals for 2023, with research and development and CMC manufacturing goals assigned 75% of the weighting and financial performance goals at 25% of the weighting. “Stretch” goals were also approved which provided a total potential bonus achievement of 150% of target for each executive.

In February 2024, the Compensation Committee recommended to the Board, and the Board subsequently determined, that the 2023 corporate goals had been achieved at an aggregate level of 85%, with the final bonus payment adjusted for attainment of individual performance goals. As a result, in February 2024, the Compensation Committee recommended and the Board approved, the following bonuses to our named executive officers for performance in 2023:

 

Name

 

2023 Non-Equity Incentive

 

David-Alexandre C. Gros

 

$

286,383

 

Steven Perrin

 

$

175,619

 

Paul Little

 

$

159,506

 

 

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Equity Compensation

We believe that our ability to grant equity-based awards is a valuable and necessary compensation tool that aligns the long-term financial interests of our employees, consultants and directors with the financial interests of our stockholders. In addition, we believe that our ability to grant options and other equity-based awards helps us to attract, retain and motivate employees, consultants, and directors, and encourages them to devote their best efforts to our business and financial success.

Our named executive officers and other employees will generally be provided annual equity awards.

In May 2023, we issued stock option awards to our named executive officers and other employees with both time-based and performance-based vesting requirements totaling 7,381,857 stock options, with 1,476,372 of the granted stock options subject to our customary time-based vesting schedule. The remaining 5,905,485 stock options granted are subject to both customary time-based vesting requirements and performance-based vesting requirements that are based on the same clinical development milestones applicable to the 2023 Private Placement. In the initial closing of the 2023 Private Placement, we issued an aggregate of 15,151,518 shares of our Common Stock or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof and Common Warrants exercisable for a five-year term, at an exercise price of $3.00 per share, into an aggregate of 15,151,518 share of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof). Pursuant to the Second Closing, upon the satisfaction (or waiver) of specified clinical development milestones and volume weighted average share price levels and trading volume conditions set forth in the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement, we are required to issue an aggregate of 20,202,024 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof) to the Purchasers, subject to customary adjustments. Pursuant to the Third Closing, upon the satisfaction (or waiver) of specified clinical development milestones and volume weighted average share price levels and trading volume conditions set forth in the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement, we are required to issue an aggregate of 25,252,530 shares of Common Stock (or Pre-Funded Warrants in lieu thereof) to the Purchasers, subject to customary adjustments.

In December 2023, we amended the performance-based vesting requirements with our named executive officers and other employees that upon the Second Closing and Third Closing, a full or prorated amount of each closing installment shall vest based on the percentage of funding received relative to the total funding opportunity represented by the Purchasers' Second Closing and Third Closing subscription amounts. The December amendments had the practical effect of making the vesting conditions more difficult to achieve. No specified clinical development milestones were achieved during the year ended December 31, 2023.

Other Compensation

Our named executive officers are eligible to participate, on the same basis as our other employees, in our employee benefit plans, including our medical, dental, vision, life and disability plans, and our 401(k) plan. We generally do not provide our named executive officers with perquisites or other personal benefits.

401(k) Plan

We maintain a 401(k) plan for our employees. Our named executive officers are eligible to participate in the 401(k) plan on the same basis as our other employees. The 401(k) plan is intended to qualify as a tax-qualified plan under Section 401(k) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”).

The 401(k) plan provides that each participant may contribute up to the lesser of 100% of his or her compensation or the statutory limit, which was $22,500 for calendar year 2023. Participants that are 50 years or older can also make “catch-up” contributions, which in calendar year 2023 was up to an additional $7,500 above the statutory limit. We make matching contributions into the 401(k) plan on behalf of participants, matching 100% of participant contributions up to 6% of eligible compensation. Matching contributions vest immediately.

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Agreements with Named Executive Officers

Employment Agreements

Each of our executive officers has an employment agreement that provides severance benefits in the event of certain qualifying terminations of employment, subject to the executive’s execution of a waiver and release of claims in favor of the Company and the existence of a proprietary information and inventions agreement between the executive and the Company.

Employment Agreement with Dr. Gros

We entered into an employment agreement with Dr. Gros on September 9, 2020, or the Gros employment agreement, under which Dr. Gros serves as our Chief Executive Officer. The Gros employment agreement provides that Dr. Gros is an at-will employee, sets forth his initial base salary of $500,000, and his eligibility to participate in employee benefit plans and programs generally available to other senior executives, as in effect from time to time. Under the Gros employment agreement, Dr. Gros is entitled to participate in our annual incentive plan described above, under which Dr. Gros’s target annual incentive bonus is 60% of his annual base salary, subject to achievement of key performance indicators as determined by our Board in consultation with Dr. Gros.

Subject to the satisfaction of certain performance-related goals set forth in his employment agreement, Dr. Gros will be eligible to receive a performance bonus in the amount of $10,000,000, payable at the election of the Company in cash, Common Stock or in a combination of cash and Common Stock. As described in more detail below, Dr. Gros is also eligible to receive a grant of additional shares of Common Stock (which may be satisfied with a payment in cash in lieu of stock) that in the aggregate shall be equal to one percent of the total number of shares of Common Stock on a fully-diluted basis, subject to terms and conditions set forth in his employment agreement, as amended and described below.

Pursuant to the terms of the Gros employment agreement, if Dr. Gros’s employment is terminated for cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or by Dr. Gros without good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), Dr. Gros will receive (i) his base salary accrued through the date of termination, (ii) unpaid expense reimbursements, and (iii) any vested benefits under the employee benefit plans of the Company (the “vested compensation”). Pursuant to the terms of the Gros employment agreement, if Dr. Gros’s employment is terminated by the Company without cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or by Dr. Gros for good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), Dr. Gros will receive the vested compensation, and, subject to Dr. Gros’s execution of a release in favor of the Company, Dr. Gros will be entitled to receive: (i) an amount equal to twelve months of base salary, (ii) a pro rata portion of Dr. Gros’s annual target bonus for the year in which termination of service occurs, (iii) credit for an additional twelve months of vesting under all outstanding equity awards that are subject to time-based vesting criteria, and (iv) up to 12 months of health insurance reimbursement under COBRA. In the event that Dr. Gros’ employment is terminated without cause or for good reason within 90 days before or twelve months after a change in control of the Company (as defined in his employment agreement), in lieu of the severance payments and benefits described in the preceding sentences and subject to Dr. Gros’ execution of a release in favor of the Company, Dr. Gros will be entitled to receive, in addition to the vested rights: (i) an amount equal to 1.5 times his annual base salary and annual target bonus, (ii) full acceleration of vesting of all equity awards subject to time-based vesting criteria, and (iii) up to 18 months of health insurance reimbursement under COBRA.

On April 27, 2023, we entered into a letter agreement with Dr. Gros that amends his current employment agreement. Pursuant to the letter agreement, Dr. Gros remains entitled to a $10,000,000 performance bonus; however, the letter agreement entitles Dr. Gros to a pro-rata portion of his performance bonus in the event that his employment is terminated for any reason other than by the Company for cause and our market value at the time of termination of employment is equal to or greater than $600 million, but less than $1 billion. The threshold performance bonus payment is $6,000,000 at a $600 million market value and increases up to the maximum $10,000,000 bonus payable at a $1 billion market value using linear interpolation. The amendment also provides that market value is calculated by taking into account the total value of all securities treated as equity securities in the Company’s financial statements (“Market Value”).

In addition, the amendment provides for a retention bonus upon the earlier to occur of (i) a termination of his employment other than for cause, (ii) a change in control of the Company during the term of his employment, and (iii) July 31, 2026 (the earliest date to be the “Retention Bonus Date”). The retention bonus will be paid in cash or stock in an amount equal to the product of 761,589 multiplied by the difference between the fair market value of our Common Stock on the Retention

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Bonus Date over the fair market value of our Common Stock at the time of the Initial Closing of the Private Placement. The Common Stock price used to calculate the retention bonus, however, will be limited to a maximum of $9.00.

The amendment also provides for vesting acceleration of Dr. Gros’ outstanding equity awards. If Dr. Gros’ employment is terminated by the Company without cause or by him for good reason, subject to his execution of the release contemplated by his employment agreement, any then-unvested and outstanding performance-based equity awards will now (1) remain outstanding and eligible to vest if the applicable performance conditions are satisfied during the 12 months following such termination of employment, and (2) the term of such performance-based options will be extended until the earlier of (A) 90 days after the performance conditions are achieved and (B) the normal expiration date of such performance-based options. If Dr. Gros’ employment is terminated without cause or for good reason in connection with a change in control of the Company, subject to his execution of the release contemplated by his employment agreement, any then-unvested and outstanding performance-based equity awards will become fully vested at the target performance level.

Finally, the letter agreement modifies Dr. Gros’ rights to receive a grant of additional shares equal to one percent of the total number of shares of Common Stock on a fully-diluted basis. Dr. Gros will be eligible to receive a proportionate grant of Common Stock that will be equal to one percent of the fully diluted shares of Common Stock, upon the first occurrence of (i) the exercise of a majority of the Tranche C Warrants or Pre-Funded Warrants held by the largest holder of such warrants on the initial closing of the Private Placement and (ii) the first date that is six months after the date on which topline data for the Company’s kidney transplantation phase 2 trial (K207) is available to the Company and where the Company’s Market Value is equal to or greater than $900 million for a period of 20 consecutive calendar days. Dr. Gros will be entitled to such new incentive shares if either of the above conditions are satisfied at any time during the term of his employment agreement or within 12 months following a termination of his employment without cause or for good reason.

Employment Agreement with Dr. Perrin

We entered into an employment agreement with Dr. Perrin on September 14, 2020, or the Perrin employment agreement, under which Dr. Perrin serves as our President and Chief Scientific Officer. The Perrin employment agreement provides that Dr. Perrin is an at-will employee, sets forth his initial base salary of $400,000, and his eligibility to participate in employee benefit plans and programs generally available to other senior executives, as in effect from time to time. Dr. Perrin is entitled to participate in our annual incentive plan described above, under which Dr. Perrin’s target annual incentive bonus is 50% of his annual base salary, subject to achievement of key performance indicators as determined by our Board in consultation with Dr. Perrin.

Pursuant to the terms of the Perrin employment agreement, if Dr. Perrin’s employment is terminated for cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or by Dr. Perrin without good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), Dr. Perrin will receive (i) his base salary accrued through the date of termination, (ii) unpaid expense reimbursements, and (iii) any vested benefits under the employee benefit plans of the Company (the “vested compensation”). Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, if Dr. Perrin’s employment is terminated by the Company without cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or by Dr. Perrin for good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), Dr. Perrin will receive the vested compensation. Additionally, subject to Dr. Perrin’s execution of a release in favor of the Company, Dr. Perrin will be entitled to receive either: (i) an amount equal to 1.5 times his base salary payable over eighteen months if Dr. Perrin’s employment is terminated before the first anniversary of the effective date of the employment agreement, or (ii) an amount equal to 1.0 times his base salary payable over twelve months if Dr. Perrin’s employment is terminated after the first anniversary of the effective date of the employment agreement. Dr. Perrin will also be entitled to receive (i) acceleration of vesting of the equity awards initially granted to him under his employment agreement, and (ii) up to 12 months of health insurance reimbursement under COBRA. In the event that Dr. Perrin’s employment is terminated without cause, or Dr. Perrin terminates his employment for good reason, in either case within 30 days before or twelve months after a change in control, in lieu of the severance payments and benefits described in the preceding sentences and subject to Dr. Perrin’s execution of a release in favor of the Company, Dr. Perrin will be entitled to receive the vested compensation, as well as: (i) an amount equal to 1.0 times his base salary and annual target bonus for the year in which termination occurs, (ii) full acceleration of all equity awards subject to time-based vesting, and (iii) up to 18 months of health insurance reimbursement under COBRA.

On April 27, 2023, we entered into a letter agreement with Dr. Perrin amending his employment agreement. Dr. Perrin’s employment agreement amendment provides for a retention bonus upon the earlier to occur of (i) a termination of his employment other than for cause, (ii) a change in control of the Company during the term of his employment, and (iii) July 31, 2026 (the earliest date to be the “Retention Bonus Date”). The retention bonus will be paid in cash or stock in an amount equal to the product of 761,589 multiplied by the difference between the fair market value of our Common Stock on the Retention

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Bonus Date over the fair market value of our Common Stock at the time of the initial closing of the Private Placement. The Common Stock price used to calculate the retention bonus, however, will be limited to a maximum of $9.00.

Employment Agreement with Mr. Little

We entered into an employment agreement with Mr. Little on March 15, 2021, or the Little employment agreement, under which Mr. Little serves as our Chief Financial Officer. The Little employment agreement provides that Mr. Little is an at-will employee, sets forth his initial base salary of $410,000, and his eligibility to participate in employee benefit plans and programs generally available to other senior executives, as in effect from time to time. Mr. Little is entitled to participate in our annual incentive plan described above, under which Mr. Little’s target annual incentive bonus is 40% of his annual base salary, subject to achievement of key performance indicators as determined by our Board in consultation with Mr. Little.

Pursuant to the terms of the Little employment agreement, if Mr. Little’s employment is terminated for cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or by Mr. Little without good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), Mr. Little will receive (i) his base salary accrued through the date of termination, (ii) unpaid expense reimbursements, and (iii) any vested benefits under the employee benefit plans of the Company (the “vested compensation”). Pursuant to the terms of his employment agreement, if Mr. Little’s employment is terminated by the Company without cause (as defined in his employment agreement) or by Mr. Little for good reason (as defined in his employment agreement), Mr. Little will receive the vested compensation. Additionally, subject to Mr. Little’s execution of a release in favor of the Company, Mr. Little will be entitled to receive (i) an amount equal to 9 months of his base salary, payable over 9 months, (ii) accelerated vesting of the portion of all outstanding equity awards subject to time-based vesting that would have vested and become exercisable during the 9-month period following Mr. Little’s termination of employment, and (iii) up to 9 months of health insurance reimbursement under COBRA. In the event Mr. Little’s employment is terminated by the Company without cause (other than by reason of death or disability) or if Mr. Little resigns for good reason, in either event in connection with a change in control, Mr. Little shall be entitled to receive in lieu of the benefits described in the preceding sentences, and subject to Mr. Little’s execution of a release in favor of the Company, the vested compensation, as well as: (i) an amount equal to 1.0 times his base salary and annual target bonus for the year in which termination occurs, (ii) full acceleration of all equity awards subject to time-based vesting, (iii) payment equal to the greater of either Mr. Little’s annual target incentive bonus for the year in which the termination occurs or the annual target incentive bonus paid to Mr. Little with respect to the calendar year immediately preceding the calendar year during which the termination occurs, payable in a single lump sum, and (iv) up to 12 months of health insurance reimbursement under COBRA.

25

 


 

 

 

 

Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End 2023

The following table sets forth information regarding outstanding equity awards held by our named executive officers during the year ended of December 31, 2023.

 

Option Awards

Name

 

Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Exercisable

 

 

Number of
Securities
Underlying
Unexercised
Options (#)
Unexercisable

 

 

Equity Incentive Plan Awards: Number of Securities Underlying Unexercised Unearned Options (#)(1)

 

 

Option
Exercise
Price ($)

 

 

Option
Expiration
Date

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

 

 

 

 

 

383,299

 

(2)

 

1,533,197

 

 

$

2.30

 

 

05/01/2033

;

 

 

 

 

 

300,000

 

(3)

 

 

 

$

3.08

 

 

02/01/2033

;

 

 

70,400

 

 

 

83,200

 

(4)

 

 

 

$

3.97

 

 

02/01/2032

 

 

 

47,250

 

 

 

60,750

 

(5)

 

 

 

$

3.97

 

 

02/01/2032

 

 

 

825,054

 

 

 

190,398

 

(6)

 

 

 

$

9.00

 

 

09/08/2030

Steven Perrin, Ph.D.

 

 

 

 

 

317,147

 

(2)

 

1,268,586

 

 

$

2.30

 

 

05/01/2033

 

 

 

 

 

 

155,000

 

(3)

 

 

 

$

3.08

 

 

02/01/2033

 

 

 

67,813

 

 

 

87,187

 

(5)

 

 

 

$

3.97

 

 

02/01/2032

 

 

 

436,467

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

9.00

 

 

09/13/2030

 

 

 

606,316

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

6.85

 

 

09/08/2030

 

 

 

142,833

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

8.91

 

 

01/29/2030

 

 

 

118,097

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

8.91

 

 

01/29/2030

 

 

 

61,831

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

$

8.91

 

 

01/29/2030

Paul Little

 

 

 

 

 

198,126

 

(2)

 

792,503

 

 

$

2.30

 

 

05/01/2033

 

 

 

 

 

 

155,000

 

(3)

 

 

 

$

3.08

 

 

02/01/2033

 

 

 

67,813

 

 

 

87,187

 

(5)

 

 

 

$

3.97

 

 

02/01/2032

 

 

 

110,000

 

 

 

50,000

 

(7)

 

 

 

$

13.94

 

 

03/15/2031

 

(1)
Represents the following numbers of shares of Common Stock potentially issuable upon the exercise of options granted to each of the following individuals, in each case, as a performance-based stock option: (i) 1,533,197 to Dr. Gros; (ii) 1,268,586 to Dr. Perrin; and (iii) 792,503 to Paul Little. The performance-based stock options are subject to performance-based vesting requirements that are based on the same clinical development milestones applicable to the Second and Third Closings in the Private Placement. Further, upon such Second Closing and Third Closing, a full or prorated amount of each closing installment shall vest based on the percentage of funding received relative to the total funding opportunity represented by the Purchasers' Second Closing and Third Closing subscription amounts.
(2)
This option will vest as to 25.000% of the shares underlying the option on May 1, 2024 and vests as to an additional 6.25% of the shares underlying the option on the 1st day of each quarter thereafter through May 1, 2027.
(3)
This option will vest as to 25.000% of the shares underlying the option on February 1, 2024 and vests as to an additional 6.250% of the shares underlying the option on the 1st day of each quarter thereafter through February 1, 2027.
(4)
This option will vest as to 25.000% of the shares underlying the option on February 1, 2023 and vests as to an additional 1/48th of the shares underlying the option on the 1st day of each month thereafter through February 1, 2026.
(5)
This option will vest as to 25.000% of the shares underlying the option on February 1, 2023 and vests as to an additional 6.250% of the shares underlying the option on the 1st day of each quarter thereafter through February 1, 2026.
(6)
This option vests as to 25.000% of the shares underlying the option on September 9, 2021 and vests as to an additional 2.083% of the shares underlying the option on the 9th day of each month thereafter through September 9, 2024.
(7)
This option vests as to 25.000% of the shares underlying the option on March 15, 2022 and vests as to an additional 6.250% of the shares underlying the option on the 15th day of each quarter thereafter through March 15, 2025.

 

26

 


 

Pay Versus Performance Table

The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s performance and the “compensation actually paid” ("CAP") to our named executive officers, as calculated in accordance with SEC disclosure rules:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Value of Initial Fixed $100 Investment Based on:(3)

 

 

 

 

Year

 

Summary Compensation Table Total for PEO(1)

 

 

Compensation Actually Paid to PEO(2)

 

 

Average Summary Compensation Table Total for non-PEO NEOs(1)

 

 

Average Compensation Actually Paid to non-PEO NEOs(2)

 

 

Company Total Shareholder Return(4)

 

 

Net Loss (thousands)

 

2023

 

$

2,553,153

 

 

$

404,580

 

 

$

1,430,880

 

 

$

710,034

 

 

$

11.69

 

 

$

(40,326

)

2022

 

$

1,118,493

 

 

$

(1,975,346

)

 

$

1,053,486

 

 

$

151,145

 

 

$

14.81

 

 

$

(87,966

)

2021

 

$

747,504

 

 

$

(4,786,792

)

 

$

2,059,847

 

 

$

797,373

 

 

$

28.64

 

 

$

(34,506

)

 

(1)
Amounts reported in this column represent (i) the total compensation reported in the Summary Compensation Table for the year indicated for Dr. Gros and (ii) the average of the total compensation reported in the Summary Compensation Table for the year indicated for the Company's named executive officers other than Dr. Gros. The Company’s other named executive officers were Dr. Perrin and Mr. Little for 2023 and 2022 and Mr. Little and Mr. Smith for 2021.
(2)
The amounts shown for Compensation Actually Paid have been calculated in accordance with Item 402(v) of Regulation S-K and do not reflect compensation actually earned, realized, or received by the Company’s named executive officers. Compensation Actually Paid reflects the Summary Compensation Table Total with certain adjustments as set forth in the table following this footnote.
(3)
Total Shareholder Return (TSR) is calculated by dividing the sum of the cumulative amount of dividends for the measurement period, assuming dividend reinvestment, and the difference between the Company’s share price at the end and the beginning of the measurement period by the Company’s share price at the beginning of the measurement period.
(4)
Pursuant to rules of the SEC, the comparison assumes $100 was invested on December 31, 2020.

 

Year

 

Summary Compensation Table Total(1)

 

 

(Minus) Fair Value of Awards Granted in Fiscal Year(2)

 

 

Plus Fair Value of Outstanding and Unvested Awards Granted in Fiscal Year(3)

 

 

(Minus) Change in Fair Value of Outstanding and Unvested Awards Granted in Prior Fiscal Years(4)

 

 

Plus Fair Value at Vesting of Awards Granted in Fiscal Year that Vested During Fiscal Year(5)

 

 

Plus/(Minus) Change in Fair Value as of Vesting Date of Awards Granted in Prior Fiscal Years that Vested During Fiscal Year(6)

 

 

(Minus) Fair Value as of Prior Fiscal Year-End of Awards Granted in Prior Fiscal Years that Failed to Vest During Fiscal Year(7)

 

 

Equals Compensation Actually Paid

 

David-Alexandre C. Gros

 

2023

 

$

2,553,153

 

 

$

(1,686,802

)

 

$

1,058,491

 

 

$

(1,404,443

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(115,819

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

404,580

 

2022

 

$

1,118,493

 

 

$

(310,538

)

 

$

146,445

 

 

$

(2,692,662

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(237,084

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(1,975,346

)

2021

 

$

747,504

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

(3,296,735

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(2,237,561

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(4,786,792

)

Other Named Executive Officers (Average)

 

2023

 

$

1,430,880

 

 

$

(802,784

)

 

$

531,952

 

 

$

(419,673

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(30,341

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

710,034

 

2022

 

$

1,053,486

 

 

$

(445,679

)

 

$

210,176

 

 

$

(533,527

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

(133,311

)

 

$

-

 

 

$

151,145

 

2021

 

$

2,059,847

 

 

$

(1,578,400

)

 

$

315,926

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

-

 

 

$

797,373

 

 

(1)
Represents total compensation reported in the Summary Compensation Table for the year indicated. With respect to other named executive officers, amounts shown represent averages.
(2)
Represents the fair value of the stock option awards granted during the indicated fiscal year, computed in accordance with the methodology used for financial reporting purposes.
(3)
Represents the fair value as of the indicated fiscal year-end of the outstanding and unvested option awards granted during such fiscal year, computed in accordance with the methodology used for financial reporting purposes.

27

 


 

(4)
Represents the change in fair value during the indicated fiscal year of each option award that was granted in a prior fiscal year and that remained outstanding and unvested as of the last day of the indicated fiscal year, computed in accordance with the methodology used for financial reporting purposes and, for awards subject to performance-based vesting conditions, based on the probable outcome of such performance-based vesting conditions as of the last day of the fiscal year.
(5)
Represents the fair value at vesting of the option awards that were granted and vested during the indicated fiscal year, computed in accordance with the methodology used for financial reporting purposes.
(6)
Represents the change in fair value, measured from the prior fiscal year-end to the vesting date, of each option award that were granted in a prior fiscal year and which vested during the indicated fiscal year, computed in accordance with the methodology used for financial reporting purposes.
(7)
Represents the fair value as of the last day of the prior fiscal year of the option award that were granted in a prior fiscal year and which failed to meet the applicable vesting conditions in the indicated fiscal year, computed in accordance with the methodology used for financial reporting purposes.

Compensation Actually Paid ($ in 000s) $600 $400 $200 $0 ($200) ($400) ($600) ($800) ($1,000) ($1,200) ($1,400) ($1,600) 2020 2021 2022 $120.00 $100.00 $80.00 $60.00 $40.00 $20.00 $- TSR $100.00 $361 $68 $29.40 $(1,092) $(1,456) $15.20 PEO Compensation Actually Paid Eledon TSR Average NEO Compensation Actually Paid

Relationship Between Pay and Performance

As noted above, as is the case with many companies in the biotechnology industry, the Company’s incentive objectives are generally tied to our strategic and operational goals rather than financial goals. Accordingly, our compensation program is not influenced by financial metrics, such as net income.

For 2021, our net loss was $34,506,000 as compared to the “compensation actually paid” of ($4,786,792) for Dr. Gros and $797,373 for the average of our other named executive officers. In 2022, our net loss was $87,966,000, while the “compensation actually paid” was ($1,975,346) for Dr. Gros and $151,145 for our other named executive officers. With respect to 2023, our net loss was $40,326,000, while the “compensation actually paid” was $404,580 for Dr. Gros and $710,034 for our other named executive officers.

 

28

 


 

The fluctuations in our CAP were driven by the fluctuations in our stock price over the three-year period, particularly in light of the leverage of our executive compensation program towards equity awards. The following graphic illustrates the relationship between the CAP to the PEO and average NEO and the Company’s TSR.

https://cdn.kscope.io/66e5ffd4e7de9008553d129a792e5810-img117103358_1.jpg 

29

 


 

We are a clinical stage biotechnology company with no products approved for commercial sale and have not generated any revenue since our inception. Consequently, we did not use net income (loss) as a performance measure in our executive compensation program and we do not believe there is any meaningful relationship between our net loss and compensation actually paid to our NEOs during the periods presented.

https://cdn.kscope.io/66e5ffd4e7de9008553d129a792e5810-img117103358_2.jpg 

Performance Measures Used to Link Company Performance and Compensation Actually Paid to the NEOs

As described in Executive Compensation on page 18, the principal incentive elements in our executive compensation program were delivered in the form of annual incentives and equity awards. As is the case with many companies in the biotechnology industry, our annual incentive objectives are generally tied to the Company’s strategic and operational goals rather than financial goals. The following is a list of performance measures, which in our assessment represent the most important performance measures used by the Company to link compensation actually paid to the named executive officers for 2023:

Initiated and enrolled first participant in the Phase 2 BESTOW trial to evaluate tegoprubart for the prevention of rejection in kidney transplant recipients;
Enrolled participants in the Phase 1b trial to evaluate tegoprubart for the prevention of rejection in kidney transplant recipients;
Initiated and enrolled first participant in the Phase 2 open-label extension study;
Reported updated safety and efficacy data from the ongoing Phase 1b open-label trial evaluating tegoprubart for the prevention of rejection in patients undergoing kidney transplant;
Announced the use of tegoprubart as a component of the immunosuppressive treatment regimen to prevent rejection in both kidney and heart pig-to-human xenotransplantations;
Completed financing of up to $185 million, with $35 million in upfront funding and additional aggregate financing of up to $105 million, subject to achieving clinical development milestones, volume weighted share price levels, and trading volume conditions, as well as up to an additional $45 million upon exercise of warrants; and
Completed subcutaneous route of administration study on non-human primates.

30

 


 

SECURITIES AUTHORIZED FOR ISSUANCE UNDER EQUITY COMPENSATION PLANS

The following table contains information about our equity compensation plans as of December 31, 2023. As of December 31, 2023, we had four equity compensation plans, each of which was approved by our stockholders: our 2007 Stock Incentive Plan or 2007 Plan, our 2014 Stock Incentive Plan, or 2014 Plan, our 2020 Incentive Plan, and our 2014 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, or 2014 ESPP. The Company intends for the 2020 Incentive Plan to be its primary stock compensation plan in the future. The 2014 Plan was closed to new grants following the approval of the 2020 Incentive Plan, and therefore, there were no shares reserved for issuance under the 2007 and 2014 Plan as of December 31, 2023.

Equity Compensation Plan Information

 

Plan Category

 

Number of
securities to be
issued upon
exercise of
outstanding
options,
warrants
and rights

 

 

Weighted
average
exercise price of
outstanding
options,
warrants
and rights

 

 

Number of
securities
remaining
available for
future issuance
under equity
compensation
plans
(excluding
securities
reflected in
column (a))

 

 

 

 

(a)

 

 

(b)

 

 

(c)

 

 

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

 

 

11,364,866

 

(1)

$

3.13

 

 

 

3,117,819

 

(2)

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

 

 

4,016,987

 

(3)

$

7.03

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

15,381,853

 

 

$

4.21

 

 

 

3,117,819

 

 

 

(1)
Consists of (i) 1,151 shares to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options under our 2007 Plan as of December 31, 2023; (ii) 32,452 shares to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options under our 2014 Plan as of December 31, 2023; and (iii) 11,331,263 shares to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options under our 2020 Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2023.
(2)
Consists of (i) 3,093,742 shares that remained available for future issuance under our 2020 Incentive Plan as of December 31, 2023 and (ii) 24,077 shares that remained available for future issuance under our 2014 ESPP as of December 31, 2023. The 2014 ESPP has been frozen since 2017. No shares remained available for future issuance under the 2007 Plan and 2014 Plan as of December 31, 2023. This table does not reflect the 3,500,000 additional shares that will be available under the 2020 Incentive Plan if shareholders approve the amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan set forth in Proposal 2 below.
(3)
Consists of (i) 1,225,568 shares to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options assumed in the Anelixis Transaction and (ii) 2,791,419 shares to be issued upon exercise of outstanding options to individuals that were not previously our employees or directors, as an inducement material to the individual’s entry into employment with us within the meaning of Rule 5635(c)(4) of the Nasdaq Listing Rules.

31

 


 

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

2023 Non-Employee Director Compensation Policy

Our Board has approved a compensation policy for our non-employee directors that is designed to provide a total compensation package that enables us to attract and retain qualified and experienced individuals to serve as directors and to align our directors’ interests with those of our stockholders.

Under our non-employee director compensation policy, we pay each of our non-employee directors a cash retainer for service on the Board and for service on each committee on which the director is a member. The Board Chair and chair of each committee receives an additional retainer for such service. These retainers are payable in arrears in four equal quarterly installments on the last day of each quarter, provided that the amount of such payment will be prorated for any portion of such quarter that the director is not serving on our Board.

Cash Compensation

Based on a review of compensation practices, the Board has approved the following compensation for non-employee directors:

 

 

 

2023

 

Name

 

Member Annual
Service Retainer

 

 

Chairperson
Annual
Service Retainer

 

Board of Directors

 

$

42,000

 

 

$

183,750

 

Audit Committee

 

$

10,500

 

 

$

21,000

 

Compensation Committee

 

$

7,875

 

 

$

15,750

 

Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee

 

$

5,250

 

 

$

10,500

 

Science and Technology Committee

 

$

7,875

 

 

$

15,750

 

Equity Compensation

Our non-employee director compensation plan provides for (i) an initial equity grant of 150,437 stock options, which vest ratably over two years, subject to the director’s continued service as a director, and (ii) annual equity grants of 20,000 stock options, which vest after one year, subject to the director’s continued service on our Board.

In 2023, annual equity grants of 20,000 stock options were issued to each non-employee director of our Board.

In May 2023, we issued additional stock option awards to our then serving non-employee directors in connection with our entry into the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement described above. These additional stock option grants have a two-year vesting schedule (as opposed to our normal annual grant vesting schedule of one-year), and were issued as additional compensation in light of the consummation of the transactions contemplated by the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement.

Expense Reimbursement

Directors have been and will continue to be reimbursed for expenses directly related to their activities as directors, including attendance at Board and committee meetings.

32

 


 

Fiscal Year 2023 Director Compensation Table

The compensation provided to our non-employee directors in 2023 is enumerated in the table below. The table excludes David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D., our CEO, and Steve Perrin, Ph.D, our President and Chief Scientific Officer, both of whom served as executive officers in 2023. Neither Dr. Gros nor Dr. Perrin received any compensation for serving as a director in 2023.

The following table sets forth information regarding compensation earned by our non-employee directors during for the year-ended December 31, 2023:

 

Name

 

Fees Earned or
Paid in Cash

 

 

Option Awards (1)

 

 

Total Compensation

 

Keith A. Katkin(2)

 

$

183,750

 

 

$

1,332,880

 

 

$

1,516,630

 

Jan Hillson, M.D.(2)

 

$

49,875

 

 

$

303,567

 

 

$

353,442

 

Allan D. Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS(2,3)

 

$

14,069

 

 

$

184,729

 

 

$

198,798

 

June Lee, M.D.(2)

 

$

70,875

 

 

$

303,567

 

 

$

374,442

 

Gary Lyons(2,4)

 

$

34,125

 

 

$

303,567

 

 

$

337,692

 

John S. McBride(2)

 

$

68,250

 

 

$

303,567

 

 

$

371,817

 

Walter Ogier(2)

 

$

68,250

 

 

$

303,567

 

 

$

371,817

 

James Robinson(2,5)

 

$

17,063

 

 

$

184,729

 

 

$

201,792

 

 

(1)
The dollar amounts in this column represent the grant date fair value of the stock options granted during 2023. These amounts have been calculated in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) ASC 718, Compensation – Stock Compensation, and, with respect to stock options, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. For a discussion of valuation assumptions, see Note 11 to the consolidated financial statements in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 regarding assumptions underlying the valuation of equity awards. These amounts do not necessarily correspond to the actual value that may be recognized from the stock options by the applicable directors. Amounts reported include the value of the May 2023 grants described above that were made in connection with the transactions entered into under the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement.
(2)
As of December 31, 2023, each non-employee director held the following number of outstanding and unexercised options: Mr. Katkin 1,124,272 options, Dr. Hillson 230,437 options, Dr. Kirk 150,437 options, Dr. Lee 230,437 options, Mr. Lyons 257,898, Mr. McBride 258,591 options, Mr. Ogier 438,221 options and Mr. Robinson 150,437 options.
(3)
Dr. Kirk was appointed to the Board effective October 2, 2023.
(4)
Mr. Lyons retired from the Board effective June 21, 2023.
(5)
Mr. Robinson was appointed to the Board effective October 1, 2023.

33

 


 

STOCK OWNERSHIP AND REPORTING

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management

Unless otherwise provided below, the following table sets forth information regarding beneficial ownership of our Common Stock as of May 15, 2024 by:

each person, or group of affiliated persons, known to us to be the beneficial owner of more than 5% of the outstanding shares of our Common Stock;
each of our current directors;
our named executive officers; and
all of our executive officers and directors as a group.

Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and includes voting or investment power with respect to our Common Stock. Shares of our Common Stock subject to options, restricted stock unit awards or warrants that are currently exercisable or will become exercisable within 60 days after May 15, 2024 are considered outstanding and beneficially owned by the person holding the options, restricted stock units or warrants for the purpose of calculating the percentage ownership of that person, but not for the purpose of calculating the percentage ownership of any other person. Except as otherwise noted, to our knowledge, the persons and entities in this table have sole voting and investing power with respect to all of the shares of our Common Stock beneficially owned by them, subject to applicable community property laws. The inclusion herein of any shares as beneficially owned does not constitute an admission of beneficial ownership.

The column entitled “Percentage of Shares Beneficially Owned” is based on a total of 38,506,614 shares of our Common Stock outstanding as of May 15, 2024. Beneficial ownership representing less than one percent of our outstanding Common Stock is denoted with an “*.”

Beneficial Owner

 

Number
of Shares
Beneficially
Owned

 

 

Percentage
of Shares
Beneficially
Owned

 

5% Stockholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Entities affiliated with BVF Partners L.P.(1)

 

 

6,293,312

 

 

 

16.3

%

Armistice Capital Master Fund Ltd.(2)

 

 

3,812,155

 

 

 

9.9

%

ZP Master MidCap Fund L.P.(3)

 

 

2,109,704

 

 

 

5.5

%

Named Executive Officers and Directors:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steven Perrin, Ph.D.(4)

 

 

1,581,457

 

 

 

3.9

%

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.(5)

 

 

1,325,266

 

 

 

3.3

%

Keith A. Katkin(6)

 

 

748,857

 

 

 

1.9

%

Walter Ogier(7)

 

 

368,082

 

 

*

 

Paul Little(8)

 

 

325,158

 

 

*

 

Bryan Smith(9)

 

 

279,563

 

 

*

 

John S McBride(10)

 

 

183,373

 

 

*

 

June Lee, M.D.(11)

 

 

155,219

 

 

*

 

Jan Hillson, M.D.(11)

 

 

155,219

 

 

*

 

Allan Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS

 

 

-

 

 

*

 

James Robinson

 

 

-

 

 

*

 

All executive officers and directors as a group
   (11 persons)
(12)

 

 

5,122,194

 

 

 

11.7

%

 

(1)
Based on information provided to the Company by Biotechnology Value Fund LP (“BVF”) and information provided in a Schedule 13G filed by BVF on February 14, 2024. According to the Schedule 13G as of December 31, 2023, (i) BVF and BVF I GP LLC (“BVF GP”) had shared voting and shared dispositive power over 2,330,418 shares of our Common Stock, (ii) Biotechnology Value Fund II, L.P. (“BVF2”) and BVF II GP LLC (“BVF2 GP”) had shared voting and shared dispositive power over 1,812,558 shares of our Common Stock, (iii) Biotechnology Value Trading Fund OS LP (“Trading Fund OS”) and BVF Partners OS Ltd. (“Partners OS”) had shared voting and shared dispositive power over 145,029 shares of our Common Stock, (iv) BVF GP Holdings LLC (“BVF GPH”) had shared voting and shared dispositive power over

34

 


 

4,142,976 shares of our Common Stock, and (v) BVF Partners L.P. (“Partners”), BVF Inc. and Mark N. Lampert had shared voting and shared dispositive power over 4,326,710 shares of our Common Stock. Additionally, information in the table includes the following additional shares of Common Stock we issued in connection with the 2024 Private Placement described under “Information Regarding Recent Financing Transactions” above: (i) 1,031,385 shares of our Common Stock issued to BVF, (ii) 821,121 shares of our Common Stock issued to Biotechnology Value Fund II, L.P., (iii) 75,431 shares of our Common Stock issued to Biotechnology Value Trading Fund OS LP, and (iv) 38,635 shares of our Common Stock issued to MSI BVF SPV, LLC. The shares reported in the table above do not include shares of Common Stock issuable upon conversion of non-voting convertible preferred, pre-funded warrants and warrants held by certain of the foregoing entities. The non-voting convertible preferred stock and warrants are each subject to a beneficial ownership limitation of 9.99%, which does not permit the foregoing entities to convert or exercise that portion of the non-voting convertible preferred stock, pre-funded warrants or warrants, as applicable, that would result in the entities owning, after conversion or exercise, a number of shares of Common Stock in excess of the beneficial ownership limitation. The address of BVF is 44 Montgomery St., 40th Floor, San Francisco, California 94104.
(2)
Based on information available to the Company and provided in a Schedule 13G filed by Armistice Capital Master Fund on February 14, 2024. According to the Schedule 13G/A, Armistice Capital, LLC and Steven Boyd have shared voting and shared dispositive power over 2,442,742 shares of our Common Stock. The table above also includes 600,000 shares of our Common Stock that were issued on January 30, 2024 and 583,000 shares of our Common Stock that were issued on May 7, 2024 upon the exercise of pre-funded warrants issued to Armistice Capital Master Fund Ltd. pursuant to the 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement. The table above also reflects additional shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of pre-funded warrants held by Armistice Capital Master Fund Ltd. up to a beneficial ownership limitation of 9.99%. The shares reported in the table above do not include additional shares of Common Stock issuable upon exercise of such pre-funded warrants to the extent such exercise that would result in the entity owning, after exercise, a number of shares of Common Stock in excess of the 9.99% beneficial ownership limitation. The address of Armistice Capital Master Fund is 510 Madison Avenue, 7th Floor, New York, New York 10022.
(3)
Based on information available to the Company, information in the table includes 2,109,704 shares of our Common Stock that we issued to ZP Master MidCap Fund L.P. in connection with the 2024 Private Placement described above under “Information Regarding Recent Financing Transactions.” Based on information provided to the Company, ZP Master MidCap Fund, Ltd. (the “Fund”) has delegated to Zimmer Partners, LP, as investment manager (the “Investment Manager”), sole voting and investment power over the shares of Common Stock held by the Fund pursuant to its investment management agreement with Zimmer Partners, LP. As a result, each of the Investment Manager, Zimmer Partners, GP, as the general partner of the Investment Manager, Zimmer Financial Services Group, LLC, as the sole member of Zimmer Partners GP, LLC, and Stuart J. Zimmer, as the managing member of Zimmer Financial Services Group, LLC, may be deemed to exercise voting and investment power over the shares held by the Fund and thus may be deemed to beneficially own such shares. The address of ZP Master Cap Fund L.P. is 9 West 57th Street, 33rd Floor, New York, New York 10019.
(4)
Consists of (i) 1,000 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 1,580,457 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(5)
Consists of (i) 9,000 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 1,316,266 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(6)
Consists of (i) 677 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 748,180 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(7)
Consists of (i) 5,079 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 362,985 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(8)
Consists of (i) 10,000 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 315,158 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(9)
Consists of 279,563 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(10)
Consists of 183,373 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(11)
Consists of 155,219 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.
(12)
Consists of (i) 25,756 shares of Common Stock and (ii) 5,096,438 shares of Common Stock underlying options that are exercisable as of May 15, 2024 or will become exercisable within 60 days after such date.

35

 


 

REPORT OF THE AUDIT COMMITTEE OF THE BOARD

Our audit committee has reviewed our audited consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023 and discussed them with our management and our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ended December 31, 2023, KMJ Corbin & Company LLP.

Our audit committee has also received from, and discussed with, KMJ Corbin & Company LLP various communications that KMJ Corbin & Company LLP is required to provide to our audit committee, including the matters required to be discussed under the applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board and the SEC.

In addition, KMJ Corbin & Company LLP provided our audit committee with the written disclosures and the letter required by applicable requirements of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board regarding the independent registered public accounting firm’s communications with the audit committee concerning independence, and has discussed with the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm their independence.

Based on the review and discussions referred to above, our audit committee recommended to our Board that the audited consolidated financial statements be included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 for filing with the SEC.

By the audit committee of the Board of Directors of Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

John S. McBride

Walter Ogier

James Robinson

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MATTERS TO BE VOTED ON

Proposal 1: Election of Directors

Our Certificate of Incorporation provides for a classified board of directors. This means our Board is divided into three classes, with each class having as nearly as possible an equal number of directors. The term of service of each class of directors is staggered so that the term of one class expires at each annual meeting of the stockholders.

Our Board currently consists of nine members, divided into three classes as follows:

Class I is comprised of Steven Perrin, Ph.D., Walter Ogier and June Lee, M.D., each with a term ending at the annual meeting of stockholders;
Class II is comprised of Keith A. Katkin, John S. McBride and Allan Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS, each with a term ending at the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders;
Class III is comprised of David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D., Jan Hillson, M.D., and James Robinson each with a term ending at the 2026 annual meeting of stockholders.

At each annual meeting of stockholders, directors are elected for a full term of three years to succeed those directors whose terms are expiring. Our Board, on the recommendation of our nominating and corporate governance committee, has nominated Steven Perrin and June Lee for election as Class I directors, with a term ending at the 2027 annual meeting of stockholders. Dr. Perrin has been a member of the Board and Chief Scientific Officer since September 2020, and Dr. Lee has served as a member of our Board since December 2020 and currently serves on our compensation committee, nomination and corporate governance committee and Chair of our science and technology committee. Drs. Perrin and Lee were both previously elected to our Board at the 2021 annual meeting of stockholders. For additional information regarding our director nominees and continuing directors, see “Board of Directors and Corporate Governance” above. The term of office of Walter Ogier, a current Class I director, will end at the Annual Meeting and, accordingly, Mr. Ogier will be retiring from the Board at such time. The Board intends to decrease the size of the Board to eight directors as of the Annual Meeting. As a result, stockholders may not vote for more than two nominees for election as Class I directors at the Annual Meeting.

Unless otherwise instructed in the proxy, all proxies will be voted “FOR” the election of Steven Perrin, Ph.D. and June Lee, M.D. to a three-year term ending at the 2027 annual meeting of stockholders, to hold office until their respective successors have been duly elected and qualified, or until their earlier death, resignation or removal. Each nominee has indicated a willingness to continue to serve as director, if elected. In the event that a nominee should be unable or unwilling for good cause to serve if elected, discretionary authority is reserved for the named proxy holders to vote for a substitute nominee, or to reduce the number of directors on our Board. We do not expect that any of the nominees will be unable or unwilling for good cause to serve if elected.

Vote Required; Recommendation of the Board of Directors

A plurality of the votes cast by the stockholders entitled to vote on the election (meaning that the two director nominees receiving the highest number of affirmative votes at the Annual Meeting will be elected as Class I directors). Broker non-votes and votes that are withheld will have no effect on the outcome of the election.

OUR BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE ELECTION OF STEVEN PERRIN, Ph.D. AND JUNE LEE, M.D. tO SERVE AS CLASS I DIRECTORS.

Proposal 2: Approval of an Amendment to the Company's 2020 Incentive Plan to Increase the Aggregate Number of Shares Available for Issuance Thereunder

Stockholders are being asked to approve an amendment to the Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 2020 Long Term Incentive Plan (the “2020 Incentive Plan”), which was adopted, subject to stockholder approval, by our Board on May 28, 2024. The amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan includes the following changes:

Increase in Share Limits. The 2020 Incentive Plan currently limits the aggregate number of shares of the Company’s common stock that may be delivered pursuant to awards granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan to 14,460,000 shares (the “Plan Share Limit”). The proposed amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan would increase each the Plan Share Limit by 3,500,000 shares so that the new Plan Share Limit for the 2020 Incentive Plan would be 17,960,000 shares.

37

 


 

Extension of Plan Term. The Company’s authority to grant new awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan, as currently in effect, is scheduled to expire on April 26, 2033. The proposed amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan would extend the Company’s ability to grant new awards under the plan through May 28, 2034.

As of December 31, 2023, a total of 11,331,263 shares of the Company’s Common Stock were then subject to outstanding awards granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan, and an additional 3,093,742 shares of the Company’s Common Stock were then available for new award grants under the 2020 Incentive Plan. If stockholders approve this 2020 Incentive Plan proposal, which includes an increase in the aggregate share limit by 3,500,000, the number of shares available for new awards would increase from 3,093,742 shares to 6,593,742 shares (based on awards outstanding as of December 31, 2023).

The Company believes that incentives and stock-based awards focus employees on the objective of creating stockholder value and promoting the success of the Company, and that incentive compensation plans like the 2020 Incentive Plan are an important attraction, retention and motivation tool for participants in the plan. As discussed in the “Narrative to the Summary Compensation Table” above, our long-term equity incentives help align our named executive officers’ interests with those of our stockholders, help hold executives accountable for performance, and help us attract, motivate and retain executives. Our Board approved the foregoing proposed amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan based on a belief that the number of shares currently available for new award grants under the 2020 Incentive Plan does not give the Company sufficient authority and flexibility to adequately provide for future incentives. Our Board believes that the proposed amendments to the 2020 Incentive Plan will give us greater flexibility to structure future incentives and better attract, retain and reward our executives and key employees.

If stockholders do not approve this 2020 Incentive Plan proposal, the Company will continue to have the authority to grant awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan as it was previously in effect, without giving effect to the proposed amendment.

Summary Description of the 2020 Incentive Plan

The following summary of the material terms of the 2020 Incentive Plan is qualified in its entirety by reference to the complete text of the 2020 Incentive Plan which is set forth in the Appendix A to this Proxy Statement. Stockholders are encouraged to read the text of the 2020 Incentive Plan in its entirety.

Purpose. The 2020 Incentive Plan is intended to help us secure and retain the services of eligible award recipients, provide incentives for such persons to exert maximum efforts for our success and the success of our affiliates and provide a means by which the eligible recipients may benefit from increases in the value of our stock.

Eligibility. Awards may be granted to our employees and our subsidiaries’ employees, including officers, non-employee directors and consultants. Only our employees and those of our subsidiaries are eligible to receive incentive stock options. As of the record date, 19 employees and 7 non-employee directors would have been eligible to receive awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

Types of Awards. The 2020 Incentive Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options within the meaning of Section 422 of the Internal Revenue Code (the “Code”), non-statutory stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards, performance stock awards and performance cash awards.

Authorized Shares. Subject to adjustment for certain dilutive or related events, the aggregate maximum number of shares of our stock that may be issued pursuant to stock awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan initially does not exceed 14,460,000 shares of Common Stock plus (i) any shares of Common Stock that remained available for grant under the 2014 Incentive Plan as of the original effective date of the 2020 Incentive Plan, and (ii) any shares of Common Stock subject to outstanding awards under the 2014 Incentive Plan as of the original effective date of the 2020 Incentive Plan that on or after such effective date are forfeited, terminated, expire or otherwise lapse without being exercised (to the extent applicable), or are settled in cash. If stockholders approve this 2020 Incentive Plan proposal, the maximum number of shares of Common Stock that may be issued pursuant to awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan will be 17,960,000 shares, an increase of 3,500,000 additional shares.

If a stock award or any portion of a stock award expires, is cancelled or forfeited or otherwise terminates without all of the shares covered by the stock award having been issued, then the shares of stock subject to the stock award (or portion thereof) that expires, is cancelled or forfeited or otherwise terminates shall revert and again be available for issuance under the 2020 Incentive Plan. In addition, the aggregate number of shares of stock available for issuance under the 2020 Incentive Plan at any time will not be reduced by (i) shares of stock subject to stock awards that have been terminated, expired unexercised, forfeited or settled in cash, (ii) shares of stock subject to stock awards that have been retained or withheld by the Company in payment

38

 


 

or satisfaction of the exercise price, purchase price or tax withholding obligation of a stock award, or (iii) shares of stock subject to stock awards that otherwise do not result in the issuance of shares in connection with payment or settlement thereof. In addition, shares of stock that have been delivered (either actually or by attestation) to the Company in payment or satisfaction of the exercise price, purchase price or tax withholding obligation of a stock award will be available for issuance under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

The aggregate maximum number of shares of stock that may be issued on the exercise of incentive stock options is 4,860,000 shares of Common Stock. Shares issued under the 2020 Incentive Plan may consist of our authorized but unissued or reacquired stock, including shares repurchased by us on the open market or otherwise or shares classified as treasury shares.

Plan Administration. Our Board has the authority to administer the 2020 Incentive Plan, including the powers to: (i) determine who will be granted awards and what type of award, when and how each award will be granted, the provisions of each award (which need not be identical), the number of shares or cash value subject to an award and the fair market value applicable to an award; (ii) construe and interpret the 2020 Incentive Plan and awards granted thereunder and establish, amend and revoke rules and regulations for administration of the 2020 Incentive Plan and awards, including the ability to correct any defect, omission or inconsistency in the 2020 Incentive Plan or any award document; (iii) settle all controversies regarding the 2020 Incentive Plan and awards granted thereunder; (iv) accelerate or extend, in whole or in part, the time during which an award may be exercised or vested or at which cash or shares may be issued; (v) suspend or terminate the 2020 Incentive Plan; (vi) amend the 2020 Incentive Plan; (vii) submit any amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan for stockholder approval; (viii) approve forms of award documents for use under the 2020 Incentive Plan and to amend the terms of any one or more outstanding awards; (ix) generally exercise such powers and perform such acts as our Board may deem necessary or expedient to promote our best interests and that are not in conflict with the provisions of the 2020 Incentive Plan or any award documents; and (x) adopt procedures and sub-plans as are necessary or appropriate.

Subject to the provisions of the 2020 Incentive Plan, our Board may delegate all or some of the administration of the 2020 Incentive Plan to a committee of one or more directors and may delegate to one or more officers the authority to designate employees who are not officers to be recipients of options and stock appreciation rights (and, to the extent permitted by applicable law, other stock awards) and, to the extent permitted by applicable law, to determine the terms of such awards and the number of shares of stock to be subject to such stock awards granted to such employees. Unless otherwise provided by our Board, delegation of authority by our Board to a committee or an officer will not limit the authority of our Board. All determinations, interpretations and constructions made by our Board (or another authorized committee or officer exercising powers delegated by our Board) in good faith will be final, binding and conclusive on all persons.

Stock Options. A stock option may be granted as an incentive stock option or a nonqualified stock option. The option exercise price may not be less than the fair market value of the stock subject to the option on the date the option is granted (or, with respect to incentive stock options, less than 110% of the fair market value if the recipient owns stock possessing more than 10% of the total combined voting power of all classes of our stock or the stock of any affiliate (a “Ten Percent Stockholder”) unless the option was granted pursuant to an assumption or substitution for another option in a manner satisfying the provisions of Section 409A and, if applicable, Section 424(a) of the Code. Options will not be exercisable after the expiration of ten years from the date of grant (or five years, in the case of an incentive stock option issued to a Ten Percent Stockholder). Each award agreement will set forth the number of shares subject to each option. The purchase price of any shares acquired pursuant to an option may be payable in cash, check, bank draft, money order, net exercise or as otherwise determined by our Board and set forth in the award agreement, including through an irrevocable commitment by a broker to pay over such amount from a sale of the shares issuable under the option and the delivery of previously owned shares. The vesting schedule applicable to any option, including any performance conditions, will be as set forth in the award agreement.

Stock Appreciation Rights. A stock appreciation right (“SAR”) is a right that entitles the participant to receive, in cash or shares of stock or a combination thereof, as determined by our Board, value equal to or otherwise based on the excess of (i) the fair market value of a specified number of shares at the time of exercise over (ii) the exercise price of the right, as established by our Board on the date of grant. Upon exercising a SAR, the participant is entitled to receive the amount by which the fair market value of the stock at the time of exercise exceeds the exercise price of the SAR. The exercise price of each SAR may not be less than the fair market value of the stock subject to the award on the date the SAR is granted, unless the SAR was granted pursuant to an assumption of or substitution for another option in a manner satisfying the provisions of Section 409A. SARs will not be exercisable after the expiration of ten years from the date of grant. Each award agreement will set forth the number of shares subject to the SAR. The vesting schedule applicable to any SAR, including any performance conditions, will be as set forth in the award agreement.

Provisions Applicable to Both Options and SARs

39

 


 

Transferability. Our Board may, in its sole discretion, impose limitations on the transferability of options and SARs. Unless our Board provides otherwise, an option or SAR will not be transferable except by will or the laws of descent and distribution and will be exercisable during the lifetime of a participant only by such participant. Our Board may permit transfer of an option or SAR in a manner not prohibited by applicable law. Subject to approval by our Board, an option or SAR may be transferred pursuant to the terms of a domestic relations order or similar instrument or pursuant to a beneficiary designation.

Termination of Service. Except as otherwise provided in an applicable award document or other agreement between us or any affiliate and a participant, upon a termination for any reason other than for cause or due to death or disability, a participant may exercise his or her option or SAR (to the extent such award was exercisable as of the date of termination) for a period of three months following the termination date or, if earlier, until the expiration of the term of such award. Upon a termination due to a participant’s disability, unless otherwise provided in an applicable award or other agreement, the participant may exercise his or her option or SAR (to the extent that such award was exercisable as of the date of termination) for a period of 12 months following the termination date or, if earlier, until the expiration of the term of such award. Upon a termination due to a participant’s death, unless otherwise provided in an applicable award or other agreement, the participant’s estate may exercise the option or SAR (to the extent such award was exercisable as of the termination date) for a period of eighteen months following the termination date or, if earlier, until the expiration of the term of such award. Unless provided otherwise in an award or other agreement, an option or SAR will terminate on the date that a participant is terminated for cause and the participant will not be permitted to exercise such award.

Neither an option nor SAR may be modified to reduce the exercise price thereof nor may a new option, SAR or other award at a lower price be substituted or exchanged for a surrendered option or SAR (other than adjustments or substitutions in accordance with the 2020 Incentive Plan relating to certain dilutive or related events), unless such action is approved by the stockholders of the Company.

Awards Other Than Options and SARs

Restricted Stock and Restricted Stock Units. Restricted Stock is an award of shares, the grant, issuance, retention, vesting and/or transferability of which is subject during specified periods of time to such conditions (including continued employment) and terms as our Board deems appropriate. Restricted stock units (“RSUs”) are an award denominated in units under which the issuance of shares (or cash payment in lieu thereof) is subject to such conditions (including continued employment) and terms as our Board deems appropriate. Each award document evidencing a grant of restricted stock or RSUs will set forth the terms and conditions of the award, including vesting and forfeiture provisions, transferability and, if applicable, right to receive dividends or dividend equivalents.

Performance Awards. A performance award is a stock or cash award that is payable contingent upon the attainment during a performance period of certain performance goals. A performance award may, but need not, require the completion of a specified period of service. The length of any performance period, the applicable performance goals and the measurement of whether and to what degree such performance goals have been attained will be as determined by the Compensation Committee, our Board or an authorized officer. We retain the discretion to define the manner of calculating the performance criteria it selects to use for a performance period.

Certain Adjustments. In the event of any change in our capitalization, our Board will appropriately and proportionately adjust: (i) the class(es) and maximum number of securities subject to the 2020 Incentive Plan; (ii) the class(es) and maximum number of securities that may be issued pursuant to the exercise of incentive stock options; and (iii) the class(es) and number of securities or other property and value (including price per share of stock) subject to outstanding stock awards. Our Board will make such adjustments, and its determination will be final, binding and conclusive. Unless provided otherwise in an award or other agreement, in the event of our dissolution or liquidation, all outstanding stock awards (other than stock awards consisting of vested and outstanding shares of our stock not subject to a forfeiture condition or our right of repurchase) will terminate immediately prior to the completion of such dissolution or liquidation, and the shares of stock subject to our repurchase rights or subject to forfeiture may be repurchased or reacquired by us notwithstanding the fact that the holder of such stock award is providing continuous service; provided, however, that our Board may, in its sole discretion, provide that some or all stock awards will become fully vested, exercisable and/or no longer subject to repurchase or forfeiture (to the extent not already expired or terminated) before the dissolution or liquidation is completed but contingent upon its completion.

Change in Control. Unless provided otherwise in an award agreement or other agreement between us or an affiliate and the participant, in the event of Change in Control (as defined in the 2020 Incentive Plan), our Board will take one or more of the following actions with respect to each outstanding award, contingent upon the closing or completion of the Change in Control:

40

 


 

(i)
arrange for the surviving corporation or acquiring corporation (or the surviving or acquiring corporation’s parent company) to assume or continue the award or to substitute a similar stock award for the award (including, but not limited to, an award to acquire the same consideration per share paid to the stockholders of the company pursuant to the Change in Control);
(ii)
arrange for the assignment of any reacquisition or repurchase rights held by us in respect of stock issued pursuant to the award to the surviving corporation or acquiring corporation (or the surviving or acquiring corporation’s parent company);
(iii)
accelerate the vesting, in whole or in part, of the award (and, if applicable, the time at which the award may be exercised) to a date prior to the effective time of such Change in Control as determined by our Board, with such award terminating if not exercised (if applicable) at or prior to the effective time of the Change in Control, and with such accelerated exercise rights reversed if the Change in Control does not become effective;
(iv)
arrange for the lapse, in whole or in part, of any reacquisition or repurchase rights held by us with respect to the award;
(v)
cancel or arrange for the cancellation of the award, to the extent not vested or not exercised prior to the effective time of the Change in Control, in exchange for such cash consideration, if any, as our Board, in its reasonable determination, may consider appropriate as an approximation of the value of the canceled award; and
(vi)
cancel or arrange for the cancellation of the award, to the extent not vested or not exercised prior to the effective time of the Change in Control, in exchange for a payment equal to the excess, if any, of (A) the value in the Change in Control of the property the participant would have received upon the exercise of the award immediately prior to the effective time of the Change in Control, over (B) any exercise price payable by such holder in connection with such exercise.

Our Board need not take the same action or actions with respect to all awards or portions thereof or with respect to all participants and may take different actions with respect to the vested and unvested portions of an award. In the absence of any affirmative determination by our Board at the time of a Change in Control, each outstanding award will be assumed or an equivalent award will be substituted by such successor corporation or a parent or subsidiary of such successor corporation, referred to as a successor corporation, unless the successor corporation does not agree to assume the award or to substitute an equivalent award, in which case the vesting of such award will accelerate in its entirety (along with, if applicable, the time at which the award may be exercised) to a date prior to the effective time of such Change in Control as our Board will determine (or, if our Board does not determine such a date, to the date that is five days prior to the effective date of the Change in Control), with such award terminating if not exercised (if applicable) at or prior to the effective time of the Change in Control, and with such exercise reversed if the Change in Control does not become effective.

Acceleration of Awards upon a Change in Control. An award may be subject to additional acceleration of vesting and exercisability upon or after a Change in Control as may be provided in the award agreement for such award or as may be provided in any other written agreement between us or an affiliate and the participant, but in the absence of such provision, no such acceleration will occur.

Termination and Amendment. Our Board or the Compensation Committee may suspend or terminate the 2020 Incentive Plan at any time. No incentive stock options may be granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan after the tenth anniversary of the date our Board adopted the 2020 Incentive Plan. No awards may be granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan while the 2020 Incentive Plan is suspended or after it is terminated. If stockholders approve this 2020 Incentive Plan proposal, the term of the 2020 Incentive Plan will be extended through May 28, 2034.

Promotion of Good Corporate Governance Practices

The 2020 Incentive Plan provides for the following governance features:

Awards subject to exercise, including stock options and stock appreciation rights, may not have a term in excess of ten years and may not be granted at a discount to the fair market value of our stock on the grant date;
Awards may not be repriced without stockholder approval;
Awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan, including any shares subject to an award, are subject to any recovery, recoupment, clawback and/or other forfeiture policy maintained by the Company now or in the future; and
Dividend and dividend equivalent rights may not be paid on any unvested restricted stock or restricted stock units or unearned performance awards.

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U.S. Federal Income Tax Consequences of Awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan

The U.S. federal income tax consequences of the 2020 Incentive Plan under current federal law, which is subject to change, are summarized in the following discussion. This summary is not intended to be exhaustive and, among other considerations, does not describe the deferred compensation provisions of Section 409A of the Internal Revenue Code to the extent an award is subject to and does not satisfy those rules, nor does it describe state, local, or international tax consequences.

With respect to non-qualified stock options, the Company is generally entitled to deduct and the participant recognizes taxable income in an amount equal to the difference between the option exercise price and the fair market value of the shares at the time of exercise. With respect to incentive stock options, the Company is generally not entitled to a deduction nor does the participant recognize income at the time of exercise, although the participant may be subject to the U.S. federal alternative minimum tax.

The current federal income tax consequences of other awards authorized under the 2020 Incentive Plan generally follow certain basic patterns: SARs are taxed and deductible in substantially the same manner as non-qualified stock options; nontransferable restricted stock subject to a substantial risk of forfeiture results in income recognition equal to the excess of the fair market value over the price paid (if any) only at the time the restrictions lapse (unless the recipient elects to accelerate recognition as of the date of grant); stock units are taxed when shares of Common Stock are delivered in payment of vested stock units; and cash and stock-based performance awards, stock units, and other types of awards are generally subject to tax at the time of payment. In each of the foregoing cases, the Company will generally have a corresponding deduction at the time the participant recognizes income.

If an award is accelerated under the 2020 Incentive Plan in connection with a “change in control” (as this term is used under the Internal Revenue Code), the Company may not be permitted to deduct the portion of the compensation attributable to the acceleration (“parachute payments”) if it exceeds certain threshold limits under the Internal Revenue Code (and certain related excise taxes may be triggered). Furthermore, under Section 162(m) of the Code, the aggregate compensation in excess of $1,000,000 payable to current or former named executive officers (including amounts attributable to equity-based and other incentive awards) may not be deductible by the Company in certain circumstances.

Specific Benefits under the 2020 Incentive Plan

The Company has not approved any awards that are conditioned upon stockholder approval of this 2020 Incentive Plan proposal. The Company cannot currently determine the benefits or number of shares subject to awards that may be granted in the future under the 2020 Incentive Plan. If the proposed amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan had been in effect in fiscal 2023, the Company expects that its award grants for fiscal 2023 would not have been different from those actually made in that year under the 2020 Incentive Plan. For information regarding the outstanding stock-based awards granted to the Company’s named executive officers as of the end of fiscal 2023, see “Executive Compensation — Outstanding Equity Awards at Fiscal Year End 2023.”

As described under the heading “Director Compensation” above our non-employee director compensation plan provides for (i) an initial equity grant of 150,437 stock options, which vest ratably over two years, subject to the director’s continued service as a director, and (ii) annual equity grants of 20,000 stock options, which vest after one year, subject to the director’s continued service as a director with such options granted pursuant to the 2020 Incentive Plan.

Potential Dilution

“Overhang” refers to the number of shares of the Company’s Common Stock that are subject to outstanding awards or remain available for new award grants. “Burn rate” refers to the number of shares of the Company’s Common Stock subject to awards that the Company grants over a particular period of time. The following paragraphs include additional information, including regarding overhang and burn rate, to help stockholders assess the potential dilutive impact of the Company’s equity awards and the proposed amendments to the 2020 Incentive Plan.

The following table shows the total number of shares of Common Stock that were (i) subject to outstanding restricted stock unit and unvested restricted stock awards with only time-based vesting requirements, (ii) subject to outstanding performance-based vesting stock options and restricted stock unit awards (at the targeted level of performance), (iii) subject to outstanding stock options, and (iv) then available for new award grants, in each case in the aggregate under the 2020 Incentive Plan, the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan, the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan and inducement grants as of December 31, 2023 and as of March 31, 2024. The Company’s ESPP is intended as a qualified employee share purchase plan under Section 423 of the Code. The ESPP generally provides for broad-based participation by employees of our Company (and certain of its subsidiaries) and

42

 


 

affords employees who elect to participate an opportunity to purchase shares of Common Stock at a discount; however, it has been frozen since 2014 and the shares remaining available under the ESPP are not included in this section.

 

 

 

As of December 31, 2023

 

As of March 31, 2024

Shares subject to outstanding stock-based awards (excluding restricted stock unit awards and performance-based vesting conditions)

 

9,476,369 of which 6,162,578 were subject to options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

 

9,893,277 of which 6,490,638 were subject to options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

Shares subject to outstanding restricted stock and unit awards only (excluding those with performance-based vesting conditions)

 

 

42,500 of which none were subject to options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

Shares subject to outstanding stock-based awards with performance-based vesting conditions only (at the targeted level of performance)

 

5,905,485 all of which were subject to performance options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

 

5,857,425 all of which were subject to performance options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

Total Shares subject to outstanding stock-based awards (including restricted stock and unit awards and performance-based vesting conditions)

 

15,381,853 with outstanding options having a weighted-average remaining term of 8.9 years and a weighted-average exercise price of $4.21, of which 11,331,263 were subject to options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

 

15,793,202 with outstanding options having a weighted-average remaining term of 8.6 years and a weighted-average exercise price of $4.09, of which 11,611,263 were subject to options outstanding under the 2020 Incentive Plan.

Shares available for new award grants

 

3,093,742 all of which were available for new award grants under the 2020 Incentive Plan

 

2,813,742 all of which were available for new award grants under the 2020 Incentive Plan

The total number of shares of Common Stock subject to awards that the Company granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan, the 2014 Stock Incentive Plan, the 2007 Stock Incentive Plan and inducement grants, in the aggregate, over the last three fiscal years, and to-date (as of March 31, 2024) for fiscal 2024, are as follows:

4,233,977 shares in fiscal 2021 (of which 4,213,977 shares were subject to stock option awards, 20,000 shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards (excluding performance-based vesting awards) and no shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards with performance-based vesting conditions (at the targeted level of performance)).
5,233,034 shares in fiscal 2022 (of which 5,218,034 shares were subject to stock option awards, 15,000 shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards (excluding performance-based vesting awards) and no shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards with performance-based vesting conditions (at the targeted level of performance)).
15,381,853 shares in fiscal 2023 (of which 9,476,369 shares were subject to stock option awards (excluding performance-based vesting awards), 5,905,485 shares were subject to stock option awards with performance-based vesting conditions (at the targeted level of performance), no shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards (excluding performance-based vesting awards) and no shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards with performance-based vesting conditions (at the targeted level of performance)).
15,793,202 shares in fiscal 2024 through March 31, 2024 (of which 9,893,277 shares were subject to stock option awards (excluding performance-based vesting awards), 5,857,425 shares were subject to stock option awards with performance-based vesting conditions (at the targeted level of performance), 42,500 shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards (excluding performance-based vesting awards) and no shares were subject to restricted stock and restricted stock unit awards with performance-based vesting conditions (at the targeted level of performance)).

In this 2020 Incentive Plan proposal (including in the paragraph above), the number of shares granted pursuant to performance-based vesting stock awards, and the number of shares subject to any such awards outstanding on a particular date as well as the number of shares remaining available under the 2020 Incentive Plan for new award grants on any particular date, is based on the targeted level of performance as to such awards. The total number of shares of Common Stock subject to outstanding stock awards granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan with performance-based vesting conditions that became

43

 


 

eligible to vest each year because the applicable performance-based condition was satisfied in that year (subject to the satisfaction of any applicable time-based vesting requirements) was as follows: none in fiscal 2021 and fiscal 2022, 153,600 in fiscal 2023 and 48,060 to date (as of March 31, 2024) in fiscal 2024.

The Compensation Committee anticipates that the shares of Common Stock that will be available for new award grants under the 2020 Incentive Plan if stockholders approve this proposal will provide the Company with flexibility to continue to grant equity awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan through approximately the end of fiscal 2026 (reserving sufficient shares to cover potential payment of performance-based awards at maximum payment levels). However, this is only an estimate, in the Company’s judgment, based on current circumstances. The total number of shares that are subject to the Company’s award grants under the 2020 Incentive Plan in any one year or from year-to-year may change based on a number of variables, including, without limitation, the value of Common Stock (since higher stock prices generally require that fewer shares be issued to produce awards of the same grant date fair value), changes in competitors’ compensation practices or changes in compensation practices in the market generally, changes in the number of our employees, changes in the number of our officers, acquisition activity and the need to grant awards to new employees in connection with acquisitions, the need to attract, retain and incentivize key talent, the type of awards the Company grants, the number of shares that become available for new award grants pursuant to the terms of the plan (for example, as a result of award forfeitures), whether and the extent to which any applicable performance-based vesting requirements are satisfied and how the Company chooses to balance total compensation between cash and equity-based awards.

The weighted average number of shares of the Company’s Common Stock issued and outstanding in each of the last three fiscal years is 14,819,582 in fiscal 2021, 14,285,254 in fiscal 2022 and 24,619,197 in fiscal 2023. The number of shares of the Common Stock issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2024 was 24,813,130 shares. The closing market price for a share of Common Stock as of March 28, 2024 was $2.06 per share.

Aggregate Past Grants Under the 2020 Incentive Plan

As of March 31, 2024, 15,793,202 shares (stock options and restricted stock units) subject to outstanding awards of which 11,611,263 shares of Common Stock had been granted under the 2020 Incentive Plan. (This number of shares includes all shares subject to awards before giving effect to forfeitures and performance-based awards measured at the targeted level of performance.) The following table shows information regarding the distribution of those awards among the persons and groups

44

 


 

identified below, option exercises and restricted stock units vesting prior to and option and unvested restricted stock units holdings as of that date.

 

 

 

STOCK OPTIONS

 

 

RESTRICTED STOCK UNITS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number of Underlying Options as of March 31, 2024

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name and Position

 

Number of Options Subject to Past Grants

 

 

Number of Shares Acquired on Exercise

 

Exercisable

 

 

Unexercisable

 

 

Number of Units Subject to Past Grants

 

 

Number of Units Vested as of March 31, 2024

 

Number of Units Outstanding and unvested as of March 31, 2024

 

Named Executive Officers:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

David-Alexandre C. Gros, M.D.

 

 

3,493,548

 

 

 

 

1,097,520

 

 

 

2,396,028

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steven Perrin, Ph.D

 

 

3,261,277

 

 

 

 

1,481,794

 

 

 

1,779,483

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Little

 

 

1,460,628

 

 

 

 

236,250

 

 

 

1,224,378

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total for All Current Executive officers (3 persons, including the Named Executive Officers):

 

 

8,215,453

 

 

 

 

2,815,564

 

 

 

5,399,889

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Non-Executive Director Group(1):

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keith A. Katkin

 

 

1,124,272

 

 

 

 

372,087

 

 

 

752,185

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jan Hillson, M.D.

 

 

230,437

 

 

 

 

80,000

 

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allan Kirk, M.D., Ph.D., FACS

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

June Lee, M.D.

 

 

230,437

 

 

 

 

80,000

 

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

John S. McBride

 

 

258,591

 

 

 

 

108,154

 

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walter Ogier

 

 

438,221

 

 

 

 

287,784

 

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Robinson

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

150,437

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total for Non-Executive Director Group (7 persons):

 

 

2,582,832

 

 

 

 

928,025

 

 

 

1,654,807

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All employees, including all current officers who are not executive officers or directors, as a group:

 

 

4,952,417

 

 

 

 

855,187

 

 

 

4,097,230

 

 

 

42,500

 

 

 

 

42,500

 

Total Outstanding:

 

 

15,750,702

 

 

 

 

4,598,776

 

 

 

11,151,926

 

 

 

42,500

 

 

 

 

42,500

 

(1) June Lee M.D. is a nominee for re-election at the Annual Meeting

Equity Compensation Plans

For more information on the Company’s equity compensation plans, please see the section titled “Securities Authorized for Issuance Under Equity Compensation Plans” on page 31 of this Proxy Statement.

Vote Required: Recommendation of the Board of Directors

Our Board believes the proposed amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan will promote the interests of the Company and our stockholders and will help us and our subsidiaries continue to be able to attract, retain and reward persons important to our success.

Each of the members of our Board and each of our executive officers is currently eligible for awards under the 2020 Incentive Plan. Accordingly, each of them has a personal interest in the approval of this proposal.

The affirmative vote of the holders of shares of Common Stock representing a majority of the votes cast affirmatively or negatively on the matter (provided that there is a quorum) is required to approve the amendment to the 2020 Incentive Plan.

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Broker non-votes and abstentions will not be counted as votes cast on the matter and will have no effect on the outcome of this proposal.

OUR BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE APPROVAL OF THE AMENDMENT TO OUR 2020 INCENTIVE PLAN.

Proposal 3: Ratification of the Appointment of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The audit committee has appointed KMJ Corbin & Company LLP (“KMJ”), as our independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2024. KMJ has served as our independent registered public accounting firm since July 2019. The audit committee reviews the performance of the independent registered public accounting firm annually.

At the Annual Meeting, our stockholders are being asked to ratify the appointment of KMJ as our independent registered public accounting firm for 2024. Although stockholder approval of the audit committee’s appointment of KMJ is not required by law, our Board believes that it is advisable to give stockholders an opportunity to ratify this appointment. In the event of a negative vote on this proposal, the audit committee will reconsider its selection. Even if this appointment is ratified, the audit committee may, in its discretion, direct the appointment of a different independent registered public accounting firm at any time during the year if the audit committee determines that such a change would be in the best interests of the Company and its stockholders. KMJ has no direct or indirect material financial interest in our company or our subsidiaries. Representatives of KMJ are expected to be present at the Annual Meeting and will have the opportunity to make a statement, if they desire to do so, and will be available to respond to appropriate questions from our stockholders.

Audit Fees and Services

KMJ was our independent registered public firm for the years ended 2023 and 2022. The following table summarizes the fees KMJ billed to us for each of the last two fiscal years. All of such services and fees were pre-approved by our audit committee in accordance with the “Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures” described below.

 

Fee Category

 

2023

 

 

2022

 

Audit Fees(1)

 

$

192,655

 

 

$

110,741

 

Total Fees

 

$

192,655

 

 

$

110,741

 

 

(1)
Audit fees consist of fees for the audit of our annual financial statements, the review of the interim financial statements, services in connection with our 2023 Securities Purchase Agreement and other services provided in connection with regulatory filings or engagements.

Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures

Our audit committee has adopted procedures requiring the pre-approval of all audit and non-audit services performed by our independent registered public accounting firm in order to assure that these services do not impair the auditor’s independence. These procedures generally approve the performance of specific services subject to a cost limit for all such services. This general approval is to be reviewed, and if necessary modified, at least annually. Management must obtain the specific prior approval of the audit committee for each engagement of the independent registered public accounting firm to perform other audit-related or other non-audit services. The audit committee does not delegate its responsibility to approve services performed by the independent registered public accounting firm to any member of management. Our audit committee has delegated authority to the committee chair to pre-approve any audit or non-audit service to be provided to us by our independent registered public accounting firm provided that the fees for such services do not exceed $50,000. Any approval of services by the committee chair pursuant to this delegated authority must be reported to the audit committee at the next meeting of the committee.

The standard applied by the audit committee, or the chair of the audit committee, in determining whether to grant approval of any type of non-audit service, or of any specific engagement to perform a non-audit service, is whether the services to be performed, the compensation to be paid therefore and other related factors are consistent with the independent registered public accounting firm’s independence under guidelines of the SEC and applicable professional standards. Relevant considerations include whether the work product is likely to be subject to, or implicated in, audit procedures during the audit of our financial statements, whether the independent registered public accounting firm would be functioning in the role of

46

 


 

management or in an advocacy role, whether the independent registered public accounting firm’s performance of the service would enhance our ability to manage or control risk or improve audit quality, whether such performance would increase efficiency because of the independent registered public accounting firm’s familiarity with our business, personnel, culture, systems, risk profile and other factors, and whether the amount of fees involved, or the non-audit services portion of the total fees payable to the independent registered public accounting firm in the period would tend to reduce the independent registered public accounting firm’s ability to exercise independent judgment in performing the audit.

Vote Required; Recommendation of the Board of Directors

The affirmative vote of the holders of shares of Common Stock representing a majority of the votes cast affirmatively or negatively on the matter (provided that there is a quorum) is required for the ratification of the appointment of KMJ Corbin & Company LLP as our independent registered public accounting firm for the year ending December 31, 2024. Abstentions will not be counted as votes cast on the matter and will have no effect on the outcome of Proposal 3. No broker non-votes are expected on Proposal 3.

OUR BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE “FOR” THE RATIFICATION OF THE APPOINTMENT OF KMJ CORBIN & COMPANY LLP AS OUR INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2024.

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OTHER MATTERS

As of the date of this Proxy Statement, we know of no matter not specifically referred to above as to which any action is expected to be taken at the Annual Meeting. The persons named as proxies will vote the proxies, insofar as they are not otherwise instructed, regarding such other matters and the transaction of such other business as may be properly brought before the meeting, as seems to them to be in the best interest of the Company and our stockholders.

Stockholder Proposals for our 2025 Annual Meeting

Stockholder Proposals Included in Proxy Statement

In order to be considered for inclusion in our proxy statement and proxy card relating to our 2025 annual meeting of stockholders, stockholder proposals must be received by us no later than January 30, 2025, which is 120 days prior to the first anniversary of the mailing date of this proxy, unless the date of the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders is changed by more than 30 days from the anniversary of our 2024 annual meeting, in which case, the deadline for such proposals will be a reasonable time before we begin to print and send our proxy materials. Upon receipt of any such proposal, we will determine whether or not to include such proposal in the proxy statement and proxy card in accordance with regulations governing the solicitation of proxies.

Stockholder Proposals Not Included in Proxy Statement

In addition, our by-laws establish an advance notice procedure for nominations for election to our Board and other matters that stockholders wish to present for action at an annual meeting other than those to be included in our proxy statement. In general, we must receive notice of other proposals of stockholders (including director nominations) intended to be presented at the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders but not included in the proxy statement by April 11, 2025, but not before March 12, 2025, which is not less than 90 days nor more than 120 days prior to the anniversary date of the immediately preceding annual meeting. However, if the date of the 2025 annual meeting is more than 20 days before or more than 60 days after such anniversary date, notice must be received no earlier than the close of business 120 calendar days prior to such annual meeting and no later than the close of business on the later of 90 days prior to such annual meeting and 10 days following the day on which notice of the date of such annual meeting was mailed or public announcement of the date of such annual meeting was first made. If the stockholder fails to give notice by these dates, then the persons named as proxies in the proxies solicited by the Board for the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders may exercise discretionary voting power regarding any such proposal. Stockholders are advised to review our by-laws which also specify requirements as to the form and content of a stockholder’s notice.

In addition, a stockholder who intends to solicit proxies in support of director nominees other than the Company’s nominees at the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders must provide written notice to our Secretary setting forth the information required by Rule 14a-19 under the Exchange Act, unless the required information has been provided in a preliminary or definitive proxy statement previously filed by the stockholders. Such written notice must be provided in accordance with Rule 14a-19 no later than May 11, 2025. If we change the date of the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders by more than 30 days from the date of this year’s annual meeting, your written notice must be received by the later of 60 days prior to the date of the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders or the 10th calendar day following the day on which public announcement of the date of the 2025 annual meeting of stockholders is first made. The notice requirement under Rule 14a-19 is in addition to the applicable notice requirements under our by-laws as noted above.

Any proposals, notices or information about proposed director candidates should be sent to Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Attention: Secretary, 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California 92612.

Householding of Annual Meeting Materials

Some brokers and other nominee record holders may be “householding” our proxy materials. This means a single Notice and, if applicable, the proxy materials, will be delivered to multiple stockholders sharing an address unless contrary instructions have been received. We will promptly deliver a separate copy of the Notice and, if applicable, the proxy materials and our 2023 annual report to stockholders, which consists of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2023, to you if you write or call us at Eledon Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 19800 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 250, Irvine, California 92612, Attention: Investor Relations, telephone: (949) 238-8090. If you would like to receive separate copies of our proxy materials and annual reports in the future, or if you are receiving multiple copies and would like to receive only one copy for your household, you should contact your bank, broker, or other nominee record holder, or you may contact us at the above address and telephone number.

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Appendix A

ELEDON PHARMACEUTICALS, INC.

2020 LONG TERM INCENTIVE PLAN

1.

GENERAL.

(a) Successor to Prior Plan. This Plan is the successor to the Novus Therapeutics, Inc. 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (the “Prior Plan”). From and after 12:01 a.m. Eastern time on the Effective Date, no additional stock awards will be granted under the Prior Plan.

(b) Eligible Award Recipients. Employees, Directors and Consultants are eligible to receive Awards.

(c) Available Awards. This Plan provides for the grant of the following Awards: (i) Incentive Stock Options; (ii) Non-statutory Stock Options; (iii) Stock Appreciation Rights; (iv) Restricted Stock Awards; (v) Restricted Stock Unit Awards; (vi) Performance Stock Awards; and (vii) Performance Cash Awards.

(d) Purpose. This Plan, through the granting of Awards, is intended to help the Company secure and retain the services of eligible award recipients, provide incentives for such persons to exert maximum efforts for the success of the Company and any Affiliate and provide a means by which the eligible award recipients may benefit from increases in the value of the Stock.

 

2.

ADMINISTRATION.

(a) Administration by Board. The Board will administer this Plan. The Board may delegate administration of this Plan to a Committee or Committees, as provided in Section 2(d).

(b) Powers of Board. The Board will have the power, subject to, and within the limitations of, the express provisions of this Plan:

(i) To determine: (A) who will be granted Awards; (B) when and how each Award will be granted; (C) what type of Award will be granted; (D) the provisions of each Award (which need not be identical), including when a person will be permitted to exercise or otherwise receive cash or Stock under the Award; (E) the number of shares of Stock subject to, or the cash value of, an Award; and (F) the Fair Market Value applicable to a Stock Award.

(ii) To construe and interpret this Plan and Awards granted under it, and to establish, amend and revoke rules and regulations for administration of this Plan and Awards. The Board, in the exercise of these powers, may correct any defect, omission or inconsistency in this Plan or in any Award Document or in the written terms of a Performance Cash Award, in a manner and to the extent it will deem necessary or expedient to make this Plan or Award fully effective.

(iii) To settle all controversies regarding this Plan and Awards granted under it.

(iv) To accelerate, in whole or in part, or to extend, in whole or in part, the time during which an Award may be exercised or vest, or at which cash or shares of Stock may be issued.

(v) To suspend or terminate this Plan at any time. Except as otherwise provided in this Plan or an Award Document, suspension or termination of this Plan will not materially impair a Participant’s rights under his or her then-outstanding Award without his or her written consent except as provided in subsection (viii) below.

(vi) To amend this Plan in any respect the Board deems necessary or advisable, including, without limitation, adopting amendments relating to Incentive Stock Options and nonqualified deferred compensation under Section 409A of the Code and/or making this Plan or Awards granted under this Plan exempt from or compliant with the requirements for Incentive Stock Options or exempt from or compliant with the requirements for nonqualified deferred compensation under Section 409A of the Code, subject to the limitations, if any, of applicable law. If required by applicable law or listing requirements, and except as provided in Section 9(a) relating to Capitalization Adjustments, the Company will seek stockholder approval of any amendment of this Plan that (A) materially increases the number of shares of Stock available for issuance under this Plan, (B) materially expands the class of individuals eligible to receive Awards under this Plan, (C) materially increases the benefits accruing to Participants under this Plan, (D) materially reduces the price at which shares of Stock may be issued or purchased under this Plan, (E) materially extends the term of this Plan, or (F) materially expands the types of Awards available for issuance under this Plan. Except as otherwise provided in this Plan (including subsection

A-1


Appendix A